bird flies some distance and then is bitten by an insect that picks up the drop of water from the bird. The insect introduces the drop of water to a small source of water in its ecosystem. Such vivid illustrations of intricacies with ecosystems make the widespread impact of one drop of water very comprehendible (Suzuki, 1999). Reverberations of the interconnections of life can be noted in all areas. Evidence of the substantial ripple effects continues to expand and to be more wisely understood (Flutter of butterfly wings, 2003). Another example of interconnectedness can be derived from the globalization of the economy. The connections are most poignant during an economic downturn. What happens in Asia’s economic cycles is not limited to Asia; in fact it has tremendous direct and indirect impacts around the world. The lesson of positive and negative reverberations is not hard to comprehend. Changes in import and export activity can be felt by people at all levels of the social strata. In the early months of 2003, the severe acute respiratory syndrome scare spread around the world. It revealed most blatantly and tragically, the ripple effect in operation. Interdisciplinary scholarship, international partnerships, and research helps to frame the new eco-pedagogy. It involves local, regional, and international innovation to produce environmental, social and economic improvements that through the inevitable ripple effect, impact all countries. The field is ripe for further innovations in social/eco-pedagogy that: . integrates EfSD 2 into all aspects of all curricula; . relies not only on an issues focus -, e.g. deforestation, climate change, but helps people to reflect on and to co-create how to live by standards adjusted for sustainability; . encourages changes in values and habits by asking how people might live more prudently; . measures outcomes not merely activities as essential to replace non-sustainability; and . promotes participatory educational activities - outside in the real world (Fien, 1996). 4. Conclusions Many challenges confront those prepared to strive for sustainable development. Many unsustainable practices are evident in the modern world. Illuminating the intricate system of relations between and among all life on the Earth is fundamental to healthy social and economic development. This necessitates infusing all approaches to education with sustainability philosophies, policies, and practices. Education for sustainable development to the power of two – opens up new paths for education. EfSD invites learning by contributing to, wrestling with, and solving real life problems. This paper revealed that teaching by example and providing opportunities for learners to apply their knowledge are effective methods. The author also emphasized the importance of facilitating and demonstrating government, community and individual stewardship. Addressing issues of sustainable development requires innovative collaboration of civil society, governments, corporate Stewardship and sustainable development 119
sector, and education. Indeed, it is through creative collaboration that pressing global
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- Fall '18
- DR MAAME ADWOA GYEKYE JANDO
- I, Rigoberta Menchu