before it can be passes as law. Do you think the senate is still necessary in the legislative process? How A Bill Becomes Law – an interactive flowchart of the legislative processDo you want to know more about how laws are created? Click on the main headings of each section of the diagram to learn more about each stage of the process.
Unit 5: The Legislature and the ExecutiveOne of the main objectives of this unit is to understand the difference between the roles of the Governor General, Prime Minister and the Cabinet. The following table will illustrate this difference:Roles of the Governor General, Prime Minister and the CabinetGovernor General(representing the monarch) –Head of SenatePrime Minister – Head ofGovernmentCabinetGovernor General (representing the monarch) –Governor General (representing the monarch) –Balance democracy and protect private property
Unit 5: The Legislature and the ExecutiveHead of SenateHead of SenateSober second thoughtCopied the British House of LordsCeremonial Functions (e.g. conferring awards such as the Order of Canada)Ceremonial Functions (e.g. conferring awards such as theOrder of Canada)Patronage appointmentsDevotion to jobsToo much power (vetoing many bills before 1943)Advising the Prime MinisterAdvising the Prime MinisterConcept of a Council of the FederationProposed provincial role in appointmentsRecommends doubling representation in westernprovinces.Dissolves ParliamentDissolves ParliamentProposal abolish the senate Replace with the House of the FederationLed to Task Force on Canadian Unity (Pepin-Robarts)Gives Royal Assent to BillsGives Royal Assent to BillsAddress issues of the dayWho does what in the legislature? Aside from the Prime Minister and Members of Parliament, the following chart describes some of the other potential actors and players in the Canadian legislature (Marland and Wesley, 2016). You can view thecurrent seating planat the House of Commons with its individual MPS and independents ministers in the Parliament of Canada website.
Unit 5: The Legislature and the ExecutiveHouse of Commons members seating according to dutiesThe above image gives an idea as to where the different House of Commons members sit and what their specific duties are in the legislature. Here is a breakdown of their roles and duties aside from the usual government and opposition members.
Unit 5: The Legislature and the ExecutiveRoles of the Governor General, Prime Minister and the CabinetActor / PlayerRole / DutiesIndependentsSit as stand-alone legislaturesNo affiliated with any partisan political partySpeakerModerates debated in the House of CommonsEnsures established customs and traditions are followedMonitors votesDeputy SpeakerServes when the speaker is unavailableChair of the Committees of the WholeHouse LeaderResponsible for the overall performance of his/her partyMaintains timetable of events
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Presidential system, Westminster system, Head of state