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Support such as examples and/or source support such as expert opinions and statistics. The sourceinformation should be in the form of summaries, paraphrases, and quotes.Arguments. Because the essay is trying to prove or support the thesis, each body paragraph should containarguments that relate back to that thesis. Always follow up quotes with commentary and/or analysis.
3/1/2019Writing with Purpose6/16On occasion, some genres, such as commentaries, allow for one-sentence paragraphs, but typically each bodyparagraph will be multiple sentences in length.Genre-Specific ConventionsIt is important when revising to take the genre into consideration. Genres often have unique audiences, purposes,and conventions. See Figure 4.3 for examples from this course:Figure 4.3. Genre-Specific ConventionsGenre-Specific ConventionsGenre TypePurposeAudienceConventionsRhetorical AnalysisTo argue about theeffectiveness of a writtentext or speech.Varies. Examples includestudents readingargumentative articles forresearch or people listening tothe president of the UnitedStates giving a speech.Relies heavily on ethos, logos,and pathos in order to examine,critique, and/or evaluate what awriter or speaker iscommunicating.ReviewTo evaluate a text or visual,such as a book or movie,for the given audience.Varies. Examples includeconsumers reading reviews ofproducts online, readers ofbook or movie reviews, andviewers of websites.Uses specific criteria to evaluatethe work.CommentaryTo argue for or against acurrent trend or event.Viewers and readers of politicalcartoons, op-eds, editorials,art, and online blogs.Relies on analyzing andinterpreting events or trends tounderstand why something ishappening and to predict futurechange.Exercise 3In this course, you will be assigned to write a rhetorical analysis essay. To help you prepare for thisassignment use a piece of paper or your computer to practice working out a topic by answering the followingquestions:1. On what topic will you write?2. What is your purpose?3. Who is your audience?4. What is unique about the rhetorical analysis that you should keep in mind while writing the thesis?5. What is your thesis statement? Write it out.6. Revise your thesis statement, answering these questions: Is it argumentative? Can it be the centralargument of an entire essay? Can it be supported? Does it fulfill the purpose of a rhetorical analysis?
3/1/2019Writing with Purpose7/16Individual ParagraphsGo through each body paragraph and revise and reorganize the sentences within the paragraph. Check that eachsentence flows from one to the next in terms of style and logic (do the concepts make sense and flow together?).Use transition words to connect sentences and ideas (ex: therefore, furthermore, in addition, etc…). This revisingphase is often when writers cut sentences that do not belong or move sentences to other paragraphs. It helps toread the paragraphs out loud to adjust for this flow. In the example below, note that some words were added(underlined) and some were deleted (crossed out in red):Body Paragraphs as a WholeEach paragraph within the body should flow smoothly from one paragraph to the next. Having a basic outlinewritten can help aide in this. Effective flow and organization is created by making sure the concepts and ideasconnect.The overall organization of the body of an essay might vary depending on the genre. See Chapters 8, 9, and 10for examples of organization based on the genres written in this course.Sentence VarietySentence variety is writing sentences in a variety of ways so that the text flows and does not sound monotone.Poor sentence variety: Revision is when a writer looks for major rewriting. Revision is when a writer looks fororganizational problems. The introduction should be catchy. The thesis should be corrected. The tone shouldbe neutral.Rewritten for effective sentence variety: Revision is when a writer looks for major rewriting and fororganizational problems. The introduction should be catchy, and the thesis should be corrected. In addition,the tone should be neutral.One way to improve sentence variety is to take a sentence and see how many ways it can be rewritten.