The dominant culture laws and institutions are

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The dominant culture, laws, and institutions are designed by men to control women - The solution: if the problem is deeply rooted in the social order, there must be a complete transformation of the social order - Liberation as the goal
Oct 10 th , 2019 Electoral Systems - The political system in Canada is a representative democracy rather than a direct democracy - Elected representatives give voice to the will of the people (in theory) - The electoral system chosen can have a profound effect on the political outcome Types of electoral systems 1. Plurality/majority systems (winner takes all) A) Single member plurality (first past the post) - It is marked by a distortion between the votes cast and the electoral outcomes produced - Parties with geographically concentrated support may see their influence magnified - Parties with support that is spread too thin geographically may see their influence reduced - Creates “artificial majorities” - Makes it difficult for minority parties to elect representatives - Arguably leads to voter disenchantment B) Runoff System - If the first election doesn’t end with a majority, there is another with top two candidates - Still winner takes all C) Ranked Ballot (Alternative Vote)
2. Proportional Representation - Proportion of the total vote a Party obtains is reflected in the proportion of total seats that a Party receives - Allows minority parties to achieve some form of political representation - Arguably re-energizes democracy: A) Eases the concern that a vote will be wasted if not spent on a major party B) Expands the number of choices that are available for voters - Several forms, including the list system (open or closed) - Critics suggest that it leads to fractured politics and unstable government - It can magnify the influence of small (possibly extremist) parties 3. Mixed electoral mechanisms: Mixed-Member Proportional System - Combination of first past the post and proportional - Voters cast two votes, one for local candidate, one for a Party list
Oct 24 th , 2019 Where does Executive power lie in the Canadian political system?
Should Canada eliminate its ties to the Monarchy?
The Prime Minister and Cabinet hold de facto executive power The Cabinet - The leadership group in government - The PM determines membership of the Cabinet -

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