Understanding what qualifies or characterizes an act

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understanding: (what qualifies or characterizes an act as morally good/justifiable? What makes a decision or act immoral? What characteristic or qualities make a person good or bad? What creates/classifies a “good life”?)oPhilosophy of state is the subdivision of axiology concerned with the study of political and/or social values. Based on this area the philosopher asks: (What makes a state a good state? Do universal human rights exist? Are there instances
6when civil disobedience is justifiable? What form of government works best for a society?
Logic: This is the fourth general division of philosophy. This division is concerned with the act of thinking, which can be referred to as reasoning. Through reasoning one can develop an argument based on their thoughts about a person/place/thing/idea. In the case of logic, the philosopher wants to understand: (What makes someone’s argument a strongor weak? What qualities make their argument valid or invalid? Why is their argument sound or unsound? What characteristics make it cogent or uncogent? etc).3a. There was a king in the city that Pythagoras lived in, who thought he’d be a better king if he acquired wisdom. He (the king) called upon his staff to ask the towns people who could possibly be the wisest in the city. They all recommended Pythagoras. Pythagoras was presented to the king and he learned of his request. Unfortunately, Pythagoras explained to the king that he himself could not teach him how to be wise. Pythagoras exclaimed that he was not a “Sophos” but only a “philosopho (philosopher)”. In order to help the king understand the meaning of his words Pythagoras decided to tell him a story.
7In Pythagoras’ metaphorical story he describes a room with completely sealed doors and windows. Gods and Goddesses are the only entities inside of this room. On the outside of the room, standing at the door, was a human being. The human being knocked at the door. One of thespiritual creatures opened the door a slight bit, but upon seeing the human being they close it shut. The human being repeatedly knocks, but the gets the same response from the God/Goddess inside. Pythagoras then explained to the king that the philosopher is like the human being who continues to knock regardless of the response that he keeps receiving. 3b.The room is essentially the place where the philosopher can find knowledge, wisdom, and the answers to their questions. The act of knocking at the door implies the philosopher’s desire to entire the room to obtain the needed information that they are searching for. The repeated knocking signifies that although the philosopher has been able to understand certain

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