Paradigms are neither true nor false a theory is a

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- Paradigms are neither true nor false. - A theory is a social phenomenon -Paradigm- An umbrella of thought, a guiding factor Macro Theory: Macro Theory – a theory aimed at understanding the “big picture” of institutions, whole societies, and the interactions among societies. Examples: class struggles, international relations, and interrelations between social institutions Microtheory: Micro Theory – a theory aimed at understanding social life at the intimate level of individuals and their interactions. Examples: dating behavior, jury deliberations, student-faculty interactions EMILE DURKHEIM--- FATHER OF SOCIOLOGY --First one to use scientific methodology-- Normal and abnormal function of sociology Thought of society as an organism that must work together to stay healthy structural fundelist social theory Sociology studies social fact- consistent of manners of acting, thinking and feeling, social facts that are external to the individual, social facts are powerful and coercive
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Common consciousness Crime and punishment is a lesson between right and wrong Social dysfunction-something that impedes the normal functionality of society Individuality in social context: -An ineractive process between the social structure of society with suicide rates// lack of data due to unavaliability. DURKHEIM’S STUDY OF SUICIDE MORE LIKELY TO COMMIT MALE PROTESTANTS WHO WERE WEALTHY AND UNMARRIED HAD HIGHER SUICIDE RATES PROTESTANTISM AND INDIVIDUALISM LESS LIKELY TO COMMIT MALE JEWS AND CATHOLICS WHO WERE POOR AND MARRIED BEING CATHOLIC AND GROUP-ORIENTATION ONE OF THE BASIC FINDINGS: WHY? THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THESE GROUPS HAD TO DO WITH “SOCIAL INTEGRATION” THOSE WITH STRONG SOCIAL TIES HAD LESS OF A CHANCE OF COMMITING SUICIDE Structural-Functionalism: - Macro level theory looking at the social institutions of society (economics, religion, social interaction) to understand its functionality
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