Human language goes far beyond a series of fixed signals that transmit a single

Human language goes far beyond a series of fixed

This preview shows page 45 - 48 out of 59 pages.

Human language goes far beyond a series of fixed signals that transmit a single arranging a sequence of signals—sounds, written words, physical signs—to transmit, from one person to another, things ranging from the simple and commonplace Language makes it possible to create new and unique sentences because it has a structure that is (1) hierarchical and (2) governed by rules The Universal Need to Communicate With Language Studying Language Skinner: language is learned through reinforcement. Chomsky: human language is coded in the genes- say sentences that are not reinforced The goal of psycholinguistics is to discover the psychological processes by which humans acquire and process language: The four major concerns: Comprehension. How do people understand spoken and written language? Speech production. How do people produce language? Representation. How is language represented in the mind and in the brain? Acquisition. How do people learn language?
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UNDERSTANDING WORDS corpus of a language, indicates the frequency with which different words are used and the frequency of different meanings and grammatical constructions in that language reflects how people typically use their language.
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