socializes at school with other band members. Lorena reports that she goes to the movies sometimes when her cousin invites her to come along. Elian enjoys dancing and has been part of dance courts in the past for quinceaneras. Norma reports that Elian and Lorena fight like all brother and sister would but that they yell and fears that they will get physically violent with each other.
A role is a relatively homogeneous sets of behaviors that are normatively defined and expected of an occupant of a given social position (Friedman, Bowden, & Jones, 2003). I think this family experienced role reversal when the father became encarcerated and there is definitely role stress. The stress that Norma has to be the main provider with a job that pays only enough to make ends meet. Also, since Norma is the sole caregiver at this time she feels she has to be strict and show power so that the children will obey her. I think they ultimately have a dysfunctional family because even though Norma thinks being strict will help her children it is only closing off the channels of communication with them. At Elian and Lorena’s age they need their parents to
FAMILY ANALYSIS 7
be there to listen and not necessarily judge them. I think think once they feel that their parents are not their worst enemy a better relationship can be created.
When it comes to healthcare, Norma and the children rarely see a doctor because Norma relies on faith and will pray for health and well being. She would opt for herbal remedies and avoid medications as much as possible. When Elian was younger she reports that he was diagnosed with ADHD and was put on medication and he stopped eating and it caused more harm than good. She developed a negative outlook of medication and healthcare all together. She says she will try and avoid the doctor but does take the children for their required immunizations but refuses the flu shot every year. The family does have Medicaid health coverage and when she was diagnosed with depression she was put on anti-depressants and reports she stopped taking it because it made her too sleepy. The children appear healthy and deny any illnesses at this current time. Norma’s family can strengthen and maintain their health by adding exercise in their daily activities. Norma could join the YMCA for recreational activities this can help strengthen the family unit. The YMCA has very affordable prices based on the level of income and I find that letting the children get involved in activities as a family will help bring the family together. As a family the Aruajo family has gone through very difficult time and they could benefit from distractions and having some fun. Interventions that I would recommend the family based on the Health Belief Model would be disease prevention like actually getting their annual flu shots and theire yearly physicals. Norma could follow up with her mental health specialist because depression is a serious condition that needs treatments and if she is not taking the medications there is more options available to help. Norma could benefit from counseling sessions if she is not tolerating the side effects of the medication.
FAMILY ANALYSIS 8
In conclusion, the Aruajo family has some dysfunctional features when it comes to communication and this greatly affects their family unit. I think communication is the foundation that helps the family unit strengthen. Norma would benefit from more authoritative parenting instead of authoritarian because that way her children are also encouraged to become independent and make smart choices. I felt that the children in the family did not have the life skills development because most of their decisions are taken by Norma. I think that is one of the main reasons for Elian’s disciple problems. I have attached a genomap and ecomap on the Araujo family unit.
FAMILY ANALYSIS 9
References Friedman, M. M., Bowden, V. R., & Jones, E. G. (2003). Family nursing: Research, Theory, & Practice (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River (N.J.): Prentice Hall.
N.A. (2019, May 5). Family Analysis [Personal interview].
- Summer '17
- Norma, Family Analysis Project
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