The earliest known ritual places the first masonic lodge in the porchway of

The earliest known ritual places the first masonic

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have provided ample material for further speculation. The earliest known ritual places the first masonic lodge in the porchway of King Solomon’s Temple. 8 Following Anderson, it has also been possible to trace Freemasonry to Euclid, Pythagoras, Moses, the Essenes, and the Culdees. 9 Preston started his history with the Druids, while Anderson's description of masons as "Noachides", extrapolated by Albert Mackey, put Noah into the equation. 10 Following Ramsey's introduction of Crusader masons, the Knights Templar became involved in the myth, starting with Karl Gotthelf von Hund's Rite of Strict Observance, which also linked in the exiled House of Stuart. 11 The murder of Hiram Abiff was taken as an allegory for the death of Charles I of England. Oliver Cromwell emerges as the founder of Freemasonry in an anonymous anti-masonic work of 1745, commonly attributed to Abbé Larudan. Mackey states that "The propositions of Larudan are distinguished for their absolute independence of all historical authority and for the bold assumptions which are presented to the reader in the place of facts." 12 The anti-masonic writings of Christoph Friedrich Nicolai implicated Francis Bacon and the Rosicrucians, 13 while Christopher Wren's connection with the craft was omitted from Anderson's first book of constitutions, but appeared in the second when Wren was dead. 14 7 Pietre-Stones Biography of Ramsay retrieved 22 June 2012 8 Edinburgh Registry House MS, see Robert L.D. Cooper, Cracking the Freemason's Code, Rider 2006, p215 9 Coil, Henry W. (1967). Freemasonry Through Six Centuries. 2 vols., Vol. I, pg. 6. Richmond, Va: Macoy Publ. Co. 10 Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon Anti-masonry Frequently Asked Questions, VIII Religion, retrieved 4 February 2013 11 Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon Karl Gotthelf Hund, retrieved 4 February 2013 12 A. G. Mackey, The History of Freemasonry, Chapters XXX-XXXII 13 Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon Anti-masonry Frequently Asked Questions, III People, retrieved 5 February 2013 14 Pietre Stones Martin I. MacGregor, The Life and Times of Sir Christopher Wren, 2005, retrieved 5 February 2013 [email protected], [email protected], +234-802-226-4376 , +234-806-398-0913 4
[Nigerian Journal on moral and spiritual research Vol. 1] Akharumere, A.O The German pioneer in Masonic history Joseph Gabriel Findel, and others since, have sought the origins of organised masonry in the lodges of the medieval German cathedrals, although no link has been found to the development of the Freemasonry that later spread from England to Germany. 15 Similarly, attempts to root Freemasonry in the French Compagnonnage have produced no concrete links. 16 Connections to the Roman Collegia and Comacine masters are similarly tenuous, although some Freemasons see them as exemplars rather than ancestors. 1718 Thomas Paine traced Freemasonry to Ancient Egypt, 19 as did Cagliostro, who went so far as to supply the ritual.

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