Public Spaces for Health and Sport NYC Central Park 1850s first landscaped

Public spaces for health and sport nyc central park

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Public Spaces for Health and Sport NYC Central Park (1850s) – first landscaped public park in U.S. Designer Frederick Law Olmsted Providing appropriate grounds for play in growing urban areas became key issue Supported by Walt Whitman, Horace Mann, and journalist Sarah Josepha Hale Public parks become contested spaces
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Sporting Practices of African Americans Slave boxing matches organized by slave owners Slaves involved in horse racing, informally organized or with their slave owners as trainers, jockeys, or spectators Slaves and swimming competition, blood sport (wrestling gators and sharks) Free blacks in north lacked opportunities
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Sporting Practices of Native Americans Nomadic life continued as white encroachment forced them to move west By 1830s, Eastern tribes adopted more formal lacrosse rules, enforced by referees. Whites became commonplace as spectators at games among the Iroquois Confederacy in New York Running popular in 1830s, some acquire nicknames, anthropology racializes body
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Immigrants and Sporting Cultures Create own physical and cultural spaces to retain sporting practices from homeland German American Turners (like gymnastics) Scottish Caledonian Clubs (many activities, e.g., putting heavy stones, blindfolded wheelbarrow races, caber tossing) Irish Americans (boxing) Asian Americans (California, many activities)
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  • Fall '19
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe, Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Catharine Beecher, Beecher family, Farm Life, Catharine Esther Beecher

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