allowing people time off on religious holidays or, for example, allowing people who wear Hijabs to wear them with their uniforms Sexual Harassment - Sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical contact of a sexual nature constitutes sexual harassment when: ● It becomes a term or condition of an individual’s employment ● It is used as the basis for employment decisions affecting such individual ● It has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual’s work performance or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working environment Quid Pro Quo - “Something for something.” If a boss or someone in a position of power requests sexual favors in return for something (i.e. a promotion, a raise, etc.) Hostile Work Environment - Sexual harassment creates a negative effect on an employee’s work behavior Affirmative Action - conceived as a way of taking extra effort to attract and retain minority employees through the means of specialized recruitment, quotas, and reverse discrimination Americans with Disabilities Act - Designed to provide employment opportunities for individuals with disabilities LGBT+ Issues - LGBT+ individuals fall under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act and it is considered discrimination if any adverse action is taken against an employee or applicant because of their sexual preferences Employee Safety - OSHA (Occupational safety and health act) ● Employees have the right to: ○ Request an inspection ○ Have a representative present at the inspection ○ Have dangerous substances identified ○ Be promptly informed about exposure to hazards and be given access to accurate records regarding exposures
○ Have employer violations posted at the work site ● OSHA Inspections are conducted by the Department of Labor. They follow a script and are usually unannounced. ● Four major components of OSHA Inspections: ○ The compliance officer reviews employee records of death, injury, and illness. ○ The office then conducts a “walk around” with a company representative. ○ Interviews of employees at all levels - can occur at any time ○ Finally, a closing conference, where the compliance officer discusses the findings with the employer, noting any violations. ○ The employer is given a reasonable amount of time to correct the violations. ● Safety awareness programs - designed to instill symbolic substantive changes in the organization’s emphasis on safety QUIZ 3 ANSWER KEY 1. E. consists of the president and the many regulatory agencies that the president oversees 2. D. President of the United States 3. A. same property rights as white citizens 4. C. 40 5. A. Cosmetic Disfigurement 6. B. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 7. C. 180 8. C. Disparate Treatment 9. Four-Fifths Rule 10. A. Sexual Harassment
Chapter 4 Workflow Analysis ● Work output unit analysis ○ Raw inputs - materials, data, or expertise ○ Equipment - Special equipment, facilities, or systems ○ Human Resources - KSAs ●
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