8 th Amendment forbids cruel and unusual punishment 2011 Supreme Court upheld a

8 th amendment forbids cruel and unusual punishment

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8 th Amendment- forbids cruel and unusual punishment. 2011 – Supreme Court upheld a lower court order that found California state prisons overcrowded and violated ban on cruel and unusual punishment. The state had to release some prisoners. Gregg v. Georgia (1976)- the Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the death penalty as “an extreme sanction, suitable to the most extreme of crimes.” McCleskey v. Kemp (1987)- Supreme Court decision that upheld the constitutionality of the death penalty against charges that it violated the 14 th Amendment because minority defendants were more likely to receive the death penalty than were white defendants. The Right to Privacy - the right to a private personal life free from the intrusion of government. Roe v. Wade (1973)- Supreme Court decision holding that a Texas state ban on abortions was unconstitutional. In Roe v. Wade , the court held: 1. In the first trimester of pregnancy, the state must recognize a women’s right to have an abortion. 2. In second trimester, the state, acting in the best interest of the mother, can make reasonable regulations about how, when, and where abortions can be performed, but cannot prohibit the procedure. 3. In final trimester, a state acting to protect the unborn child, can choose to prohibit all abortions except those to preserve the life and health of the mother.
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