5. They were some Abagusii clans that specialized in crafts like leatherwork, pottery and basketry. 6. The Abagusii also engaged in hunting wild animals for meat and collected fruits, roots, vegetables and honey. 7. The Abagusii engaged in cattle raiding they would raid their neighbours such as the Kipsigis and Maasai, to date they still raid each other for cattle The Nilotes . 1. The Luo. Social organization of the Luo. i. The family was the smallest social unit, the Luo valued large families and therefore practised polygamy, they lived in villages of related people called Gweng ii. Marriage was mainly polygamous and exogamous between the clans. iii. Several families tracing their origin to one ancestor formed the clan it was made up of several lineages to which homesteads belonged. iv. They believed in one supreme God called Nyasaye , to whom they prayed directly or through ancestral spirits- Juogi 37
v. Ancestral spirits- Juogi were honoured in the community, children were named after the dead to appease the spirits in addition to sacrifices and offerings at the shrines to avert misfortunes like famine vi. The Luo had sacred shrines and trees where prayers or sacrifices were offered, they included huge rocks like Kit Mikayi, Hills and even Lake Victoria vii. They had prophets, priests, rainmakers, medicine men, diviners and seers whose their main duty was to interpret God’s message and cure the sick. One had to possess a benevolent spirit called Juogi to be a medicine person viii. Initiation at puberty was through the removal of six lower teeth, it was only after this ritual that one could be allowed to marry ix. Social ceremonies were marked with song, dance, and slaughtering of animals and often lasted several days such included birth, marriage, burial, death, harvest and during games. x. Education in the Luo community was mainly informal while work was shared along age and gender lines xi. The Luo also engaged in sporting activities like wrestling and archery Political organization of the Luo. i. The Luo had a decentralized system of government, the family was the smallest political unit, headed by the family head called Jaduong (‘the big one’). Several families formed a clan ii. Several clans joined together to form a territorial unit called Gweng , ruled by a council of elders called Doho which was mainly responsible for settling inter-family disputes. Below the Doho were lineage councils called Buch dhoot that tackled domestic issues iii. Several territorial units gwengs formed a sub-tribe called Oganda , the Luo were divided into 13 Oganda , each autonomous and ruled by a council of elders called Buch piny (the law of the land). Each Gweng had a representative in the Buch piny which was responsible for; • Settling major inter-clan disputes.
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- Fall '16
- Farah Nabilla
- The Bible