declared war on Mexico, which would last until 1848. Throughout the Mexican War Grant showed his coolness under fire that became something everyone could count on him for at every level of command. Grant's horsemanship skills were greatly used, as well beginning with General Taylor having Grant go ahead of the army through a trail not many could get through, but Grant did, almost too easily, by horse and would assist his fellow comrades to a victory at the battle of Monterrey. Grant not only went ahead, but he during the battle he would ride through streets laying American Indian- fashion on the off side of his gray mare. Grant stayed with his regiment until the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in February 1848, and gave the U.S. nearly double the land they already possessed. Grant had then been gone from his love, Julia Dent, for nearly four-years, but their distance really did make their hearts grow fonder. On the 22 nd of August 1848 Julia and Ulysses got married and would soon have four children. Although Grant did not want to leave Julia again, nor did he wish to remain in the army, he was soon stationed to Sackets Harbor, New York. While there, Grant began his 2
relationship with alcohol, that he would battle with for years until finally overpowering it towards the end of his life. Soon after his assignment in New York, the army moved Grant to the Pacific Coast where mass migration was happening due to the discoveries of large deposits of gold, and there was a need for law and order. He was first stationed in the Oregon Territory and then he was moved to northern California. Throughout his time on the West Coast he moved up in ranks to a captain, but the pay still did not enable him to bring Julia and their two sons to be with him. Frustrated that he could not find a way to be with them, and soon consumed by loneliness, Grant returned to drinking, but more heavily than before he gave it up the first time in New York. Knowing that the only way he was able to give up drinking was to have Julia by his side, Grant resigned from the army in the spring of 1854, and returned to a family he had not seen for almost two years and missed every single day during that time. Six years later, in the spring of 1860, Grant moved his family to Galena, Illinois, where he went to work in his family's leather store. While Grant was succeeding in his new job, the nation was not. In 1861, the Civil War broke out, and Grant almost immediately helped recruit a volunteer infantry company in Galena but refused to be their captain because he believed his experience entitled him to command a regiment. In June, with help from the local congressman and a prominent lawyer, Grant was named colonel of his Twenty-first Illinois Volunteer Infantry. Grant turned mere regular farmer into a strong fighting force that led the Union to many victories. With Grant's impressive leadership skills, and his coolness under fire- that was first brought out during his time in the Mexican War- Grant sped up through the ranks. He was soon promoted to brigadier general and assigned a different regiment in Cairo, Illinois. Grant led attacks throughout the East coast. His was a special commander, his defeats he did not look down upon, instead he looked at them as a learning experience, and adjust his tactics from each battle to the next. Union forces under Grant defeated Confederate efforts to regain territory in 3
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