control of a situation. This allows for communication between agencies, especially for public health perspectives and preparedness. There is specific jobs and duties assigned to specific agencies and individuals, allowing for proper preparedness and response. Question 4 of 5
20.0 PointsRespond to each of following questions 1) How do you think the psychological effects of a terrorist-generated disaster impact the response? 2) Draw conclusions about changes and improvements in disaster response over the past 15 years 3) Discuss how disaster and public health preparedness manage mental health and children during disasters Give reasons for your responses.The psychological effects of a terrorist disaster are all encompassing. They affect not only the victims, butthe responders and even by standers. Unfortunately, there may be a significant emotional response by responders that may make them less effective in their response. There may be emotional effects such as sadness, shock, blame, anger, guilt, numbness and helplessness. The cognitive effects include impaired decision-making, nightmares and self-blame. There may be physical effects even for those not injured. These include headaches, increased startle response and insomnia. There may also be effects on interpersonal relationships with issues in intimacy, impaired work performance and social withdrawal. Because these impact rescuers, there is an effect on the response to a terrorist disaster. One of the improvements made in the last 15 years is the access to mental health services for both victims and responders. Debriefing has been made more commonplace and the addition of mental health clinicians to preparedness and response plans in becoming more the rule instead of the exception. Children are always a special population to handle. When dealing with children the understanding and knowledge that children are not adults, therefore, we can’t expect them to react as such to traumatic events is key. Traumatic events can jeopardize their development, and their psychological needs vary the older they get. When they are very young (less than 6), everything is about fantasy. They are too young to see or understand situations from a logistical standpoint, which make them, have regressive behaviors on whichthey think everything is their fault. This causes them not to want to leave the caretaker’s side to “protect” them. But as they get older (7 to 11), they acquire the ability to think a little more about the situations that they are experiencing but they have trouble coping and adapting to them. This makes them take on a regressive behavior which makes them act like a pre-scholar. Examples of this are: thumb-sucking, bed-wetting, baby-speech, etc. Additional to this behavior, children in this age group pay close attention to what their parents do and how they manage the situations. If parents know how to
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- Spring '14
- Exam 2