Connects people across geographical cultural moral and psychological borders

Connects people across geographical cultural moral

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Connects people across geographical, cultural, moral and psychological borders >> freedom >> inspires democracy and social change and allows people to gain more exposure, aspiration and potentials >> social movements
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10 Who Rules America by William Domhoff Americans don’t like idea of social class because that would mean they are trapped and unable to fulfill dreams and opportunities Upper class habits and way of life: o Education starts with private, formal schools that teach tastes, accent (proper way of speaking), values, interests, and mannerisms ; create an upper class subculture o Collusion between families and schools o Kids take dancing class, learn foreign languages, music and horseback riding lessons; helps kids become distinct and exclusive from others; they’re “cultured” o Part of elite social clubs which have rigorous screening processes to get in; recommendation letters needed ! Helps them create a whole network and social cohesion with upper class ! They take pride in being such an exclusive group; everyone else =nobody ! They develop obligations like excluding and looking down on others o Verrrry rich; economic ally successful o Go to ivy league schools in business or law; they sit on one another’s governing boards and marry among themselves ! Network reproduces itself and only help those within their class ! Compare to others who only earn enough to sustain themselves and are breaking their families in the process o Takes into account what college degree you have; the people you know Bordieu: Habitus- the medium in which you grow; people are products of their social environment Comprised of: ways of thinking, acting, bodily habits, tastes: like and dislikes; basically your who way of life/ lifestyle Even if you won lottery, you cannot attain habitus that comes with having a lot of $ o Even if you rise to a higher class, there will still be remnants of previous classes’ habitus Each class has its own habitus; higher classes have more cultural capital; an individual’s habitus is that of their social class Pierre Bordieu: Society is class-based and there is not much mobility b/w classes o There are exceptions but they don’t define the norms (involves psychology); you can have motivation but maybe not the capital to make dreams happen o Biases come into play Reproduction of privilege: elites pass advantages to kids; nonelites don’t have as much o Upper class kid who makes mistakes is still able to succeed with cultural capital from parents, but lower class child can’t succeed after mistakes, stays low o Self-fulfilling prophecy: rich kid is told he will succeed, so he does Social life is a series of games (legitimate or illegitimate) occurring in “fields” and success is defined by the appropriate habitus and capital Forms of Capital: Cultural Capital: forms of knowledge, skill, education or any advantage a person has which give them a higher status in society including high expectations o This can be passed down from parent to child like the attitude that make school
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