4 why is air the basic stuff in anaximenes view of

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4. Why is air the basic stuff in Anaximenes’ view of the world? He might have picked any of the items in the continuum. a. He rejected the apeiron (perhaps because it was unperceivable, and he could therefore not be certain of its existence). b. Among the familiar elements, air is the most like the apeiron as Anaximander conceived it. Air is the most neutral of the elements. c. He probably believed that air was the original element, out of which the others developed by the process of rarefaction and condensation. 5. In what sense is air the archê ? There are two possibilities: a. Cosmogony (explanation of the origin of the universe). The key concept: Y was made from X. In this case, Anaximenes’ theory is that everything that exists developed out of the original air. b. Constituent analysis. (Cf. Barnes , Presocratics 41.) The key concept: Y is made of X. In this case, Anaximenes’ theory is that everything that exists is now actually made of air. (Barnes thinks that Anaximander would not distinguish these — that he is actually doing both .) 6. Pitfalls in the interpretation of the principle of Rarefaction and Condensation:
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a. It sounds quantititive — even atomistic — but that can hardly have been what Anaximenes had in mind. For: b. The conception of an atom had not yet been invented, and c. A particulate (or perhaps even any quantitive) interpretation of Anaximenes’ idea leads to an incoherence in the theory.
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