i.He couldn’t prove it, and many American began to fear thatthis red chase was going too far; after all, how could there befreedom of speech if saying communist ideas got one arrested?ii.Truman vetoed the McCarran Internal Security Bill, which letthe president arrest and detain suspicious people during an“internal security emergency.”22.The Soviet success of developing nuclear bombs so easily wasprobably due to spies, and in 1951, Juliusand Ethel Rosenbergwerebrought to trial, convicted, and executed.i.Their sensational trial, electrocution, and sympathy for theirtwo children began to sober America zeal in red hunting.XIV. Democratic Divisions in 194823.Republicans won control of the House in 1946 and then nominated Thomas E.Deweyto the 1948 ticket, while Democrats were forced to choose Truman again whenwar-hero Dwight D. Eisenhowerrefused to be chosen.8
i.Truman’s nomination split the Democratic Party, as SouthernDemocrats (“Dixiecrats” States Rights Democratic Party)nominated Governor J. Strom Thurmondof South Carolina ona State’s Rights Partyticket.ii. States Rights Democratic Party – protest party that wasdesigned as a protest to Truman’s integration of the armedforces.iii.Former vice president Henry A. Wallacealso threw his hat into the ring, gettingnominated by the new Progressive Party.24.With the Democrats totally disorganized, Dewey seemeddestined for a super-easy victory, and on Election Night, the ChicagoTribuneeven ran an early edition proclaiming “DEWEY DEFEATSTRUMAN,” but Truman shockingly won, getting 303 Electoral votesto Dewey’s 189, and to make things better, the Democrats woncontrol of Congress again.25.Truman received critical support from farmers, workers, and blacks.26.Truman then called for a new program called “PointFour,” which called for financial support of poor, underdevelopedlandsand keep underprivileged peoples from becomingcommunists.27.At home, Truman outlined a sweeping “Fair Deal” program,which called for improved housing, full employment, a higherminimum wage, better farm price supports, new Tennessee ValleyAdministrations, and an extension of Social Security.i.However, the only successes came in raising the minimum wage, providing forpublic housing in the Housing Actof 1949, and extending old-ageinsurance to more beneficiaries with the Social Security Actof1950.III.The Korean Volcano Erupts (1950) (NUTSHELL THIS)1. When Russian and American forces withdrew from Korea,they had left the place full of weapons and with rival regimes(communist North and democratic South).2. Then, on June 25, 1950, North Korean forces suddenlyinvaded South Korea, taking the South Koreans by surpriseand pushing them dangerously south toward Pusan.9
i.Truman sprang to action, remembering that the League of Nations had failed frominactivity, and ordered U.S. military spending to be quadrupled, as wanted fromNational Security Council Memorandum Number 68, or NSC-68.