i He couldnt prove it and many American began to fear that this red chase was

I he couldnt prove it and many american began to fear

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i. He couldn’t prove it, and many American began to fear that this red chase was going too far; after all, how could there be freedom of speech if saying communist ideas got one arrested? ii. Truman vetoed the McCarran Internal Security Bill , which let the president arrest and detain suspicious people during an “internal security emergency.” 22. The Soviet success of developing nuclear bombs so easily was probably due to spies, and in 1951, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were brought to trial, convicted, and executed. i. Their sensational trial, electrocution, and sympathy for their two children began to sober America zeal in red hunting. XIV. Democratic Divisions in 1948 23. Republicans won control of the House in 1946 and then nominated Thomas E. Dewey to the 1948 ticket, while Democrats were forced to choose Truman again when war-hero Dwight D. Eisenhower refused to be chosen. 8
i. Truman’s nomination split the Democratic Party, as Southern Democrats (“ Dixiecrats ” States Rights Democratic Party) nominated Governor J. Strom Thurmond of South Carolina on a State’s Rights Party ticket. ii. States Rights Democratic Party – protest party that was designed as a protest to Truman’s integration of the armed forces. iii. Former vice president Henry A. Wallace also threw his hat into the ring, getting nominated by the new Progressive Party . 24. With the Democrats totally disorganized, Dewey seemed destined for a super-easy victory, and on Election Night, the Chicago Tribune even ran an early edition proclaiming “DEWEY DEFEATS TRUMAN,” but Truman shockingly won, getting 303 Electoral votes to Dewey’s 189, and to make things better, the Democrats won control of Congress again. 25. Truman received critical support from farmers, workers, and blacks. 26. Truman then called for a new program called “Point Four,” which called for financial support of poor, underdeveloped lands and keep underprivileged peoples from becoming communists. 27. At home, Truman outlined a sweeping “ Fair Deal ” program, which called for improved housing, full employment, a higher minimum wage, better farm price supports, new Tennessee Valley Administrations , and an extension of Social Security. i. However, the only successes came in raising the minimum wage, providing for public housing in the Housing Act of 1949, and extending old-age insurance to more beneficiaries with the Social Security Act of 1950. III. The Korean Volcano Erupts (1950) (NUTSHELL THIS) 1. When Russian and American forces withdrew from Korea, they had left the place full of weapons and with rival regimes (communist North and democratic South). 2. Then, on June 25, 1950, North Korean forces suddenly invaded South Korea, taking the South Koreans by surprise and pushing them dangerously south toward Pusan. 9
i. Truman sprang to action, remembering that the League of Nations had failed from inactivity, and ordered U.S. military spending to be quadrupled, as wanted from National Security Council Memorandum Number 68 , or NSC-68.

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