surface of awareness that can easily be retrieved Unconscious Level of

Surface of awareness that can easily be retrieved

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surface of awareness that can easily be retrieved Unconscious Level of awareness that contains thoughts, memories, and desires that are well below the surface of conscious awareness, but nonetheless exert great influence Defense mechanisms Largely unconscious reactions that protect a person from unpleasant emotions, such as anxiety and guilt Repression Keeping distressing thoughts and feelings buried in the unconscious (defense mechanism) EX: soldiers exposed to traumatic experiences in concentration camps during wartime sometimes had amnesia and were unable to recall any part of their ordeal Projection Attributing one's own thoughts, feelings, or motives to another (defense mechanism) EX: Mrs. Brown often accuses other women of talking too much and spreading rumors. It is rather obvious to those who know her that she is revealing her own inclinations in that area Displacement Diverting to emotional feeling (usually anger) from their original source to a substitute target (defense mechanism) EX: Even a top baseball player will sometimes strike out on an easy pitch. When this happens, his next action may be to throw his bat or kick the water cooler with all his might Reaction formation Behaving in a way that is the exact opposite of one's true feelings (defense mechanism) EX: The mother of an unwanted child may feel guilty about not welcoming her child. As a result, she may try to prove her love by becoming overindulgent and over-protective of her child Regression A reversion to immature patterns of behavior (defense mechanism) EX: The young wife, after a bitter conflict with her husband, gives up her marriage as a failure and returns to the home of her parents. She again takes on the role of the dependent child who expects unlimited love and indulgence Rationalization Creating false but plausible excuses to justify unacceptable behavior (defense mechanism)
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EX: The habitual drinker may insist that he really doesn’t care much for the taste of alcohol but feels that he is obligated to drink with friends “just to be social”
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  • Spring '08
  • Palfai

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