Music History Quiz 3

He takes opium to kill himself but it fails instead

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He takes opium to kill himself, but it fails – instead, kills Harriet & is being led to the scaffold – very jaunty for a death march; features unusual instruments: tubas, bassoons, etc o Movement 5: Dream of a Witch’s Sabbath o Groans & eerie sounds – ide’e fixe – Eb clarinet – ugly & shrill b/c Harriet is a witch – underneath bassoons; witches have a party! They’re celebrating Hector’s arrival in Hell Church bells = funeral observed from / in Hell; Requiem – a funeral mass – usually sung Dies Irae – Day of Judgment / Wrath – tubas & bassoons playing the Dies Inae o Trombone & French horn – Dies Irae 2x as fast; winds play ornamental; dance-like version of Dies Irae o Scandalous use of religion – within a black mass; witches dance fugato – return of Dies Irae in basses – witches dance alternates w/ Dies Irae; they eventually combine o Col legnor: uses the wooden side of the bow to make clotting noise against strings – skeletons; expansion of orchestra size / tone / color; longer symphony; form – unusual – thematic unity o Themes: supernatural / grotesque The Lied (Lieder): an art song for voice & piano; late 18 th century; but flourished in 19 th century; amateur vs. professional - Amateur : women who sings & plays the piano at a private performance - Professional : mostly men, some women; independent piano part; public performance The Amateur Lied : sung & played at the same time
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Clara Wicck Schumann (1819 – 1896): her father, Frederick Wicck taught piano; trained Clara as prodigy / virtuoso; composition training – unusual at time Robert Schumann (1810-1856): when Clara’s 16 & Robert’s 25, they fall in love; elopes eventually Clara plays Robert’s pieces; Robert is bipolar; Clara is breadwinner – concerts & publish music directed at a HUGE amateur audience Liebst du um Schonheit “If You Love for Beauty” 1 st three verses – fleeting things (materialism); last verse – love for love; simple piano part – it’s slow broken chords; rubato “to rob” – flexible sense of tempo found in the 19 th century; narrow range (few leaps) – mostly step-wise one repeated leap at the beginning of the phrase; 1 st 3 verses are very similar – only place whose diff-last verse Modified strophic form : strophic same music every verse; modified b/c last verse is extended The Professional Lied Franz Schubert (1797-1828) : born in Vienna & father’s a teacher; Viennese boys’ choir; starvation under 5’; kicked out of school b/c his grades sucked; becomes a teacher; takes comp. lessons from Antonio Salieri (taught Beethoven) 16-21, Schubert produces a large amount of music; ~64 bars a day; half is orchestrated; worked form 6AM to 1PM; lunch was coffee & a pipe; was a
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He takes opium to kill himself but it fails instead kills...

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