and policy outcomes of new deliberative modes of policy making 23 Sub programme

And policy outcomes of new deliberative modes of

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and policy outcomes – of new deliberative modes of policy making. 2.3. Sub- programme III: Post- national strategies for growth, inclusion and diversity Coordinating team: Aleksandra Ålund, Magnus Klofsten and Josefina Süssner This sub-programme explores aspects of post- national strategies of governance, understood as examples of ‘renewal strategies’ in European welfare policies (Pierre 1998; MacLeod and Jones 1999) or, phrased in more general terms, as transition in North Atlantic societies from a ‘Keynesian welfare National State’ model into a ‘post-national workfare regime’ (Jessop 2002a). This is marked by economic policies emphasizing sociotechnical innovation, growth and international competitiveness through supply-side strategies rather than full employ- ment and planning. Social policy is subordinated to economic policy with the aim of making labour markets more flexible, and the equity dimension of education is subjected to the individual’s duty to keep herself ‘employable’ through educational achievement and knowledge upgrading in life-long learning (Lindblad and Popkewitz 2001). National welfare policies, labour market regulation and corporatist pacts are loosing ground in favour of market adjustment, entrepreneurship and small business development programmes together with networked organisation through partnerships. The Social Policy Agenda of the EU, the European Social Model and the Lisbon Strategy represent emblematic overall policy frameworks for this post- national turn (Hansen 2005). ‘Partnership’ is an umbrella notion for a range of strategies of networked and deliberative governance (Geddes and Benington 2001) aiming at organised cooperation between actors across sector divisions, including public institutions, business, unions, NGOs and civil society. It represents an ‘embedded neo- liberalism’s’(van Apeldoorn 2003) social policy response to a networked post-Fordist economy
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(Ruigrok and Tulder 1995). The organisational pattern is multi-dimensional, from informal networks to more formalised advisory boards (Pierre 1998). These new institutional formations sometimes complete and sometimes replace existing corporate structures (Geddes and Benington 2001). Following up intentions of the Amsterdam Treaty and its own migrant integration policy (Schierup, Hansen and Castles 2006, ch. 8), Sweden has put emphasis on including strategies and measures for the integration of migrants as an obligatory dimension of any development partner- ship. The projects in this sub- programme examine aspects of post-national strategies of deliberative governance as reflected in education, regional growth and entrepreneurship programmes and in shifting policies for the incorporation of refugees in the labour market. Comparative experience from other countries, regions and local com- munities will be explored through survey of the literature and cooperation with international colleagues will elucidate the path dependent character of post-national development (e.g. Jessop 2002a).
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  • Fall '08
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