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BAn infant is diagnosed with noncommunicating hydrocephalus. What is an immediate priority concern for this patient? 363a. Metabolic edemab. Interstitial edemac. Vasogenic edemad. Ischemic edema28.DAn adult has hydrocephalus. When the patient asks the nurse what caused this, how should the nurse respond? Hydrocephalus in adults is most often caused by: 363a. Overproduction of CSFb. Intercellular edemac. Elevated arterial blood pressured. Defective CSF reabsorption
29.BA 16-year-old male fell off the bed of a pickup truck and hit his forehead on the road. He now has resistance to passive movement that varies proportionally with the force applied. He is most likely sufferingfrom: 364a. Spasticityb. Gegenhaltenc. Rigidityd. Dystonia30.AA patient has paralysis of both legs. What type of paralysis does the patient have? 366a. Paraplegiab. Quadriplegiac. Infraparaplegiad. Paresthesia31.CA patient has excessive movement. What disorder will the nurse see documented on the chart? 369a. Hypokinesiab. Akinesiac. Hyperkinesiad. Dyskinesia32.BWhich principle should the nurse remember while planning care for a patient with spinal shock? Spinal shock is characterized by: 366a. Loss of voluntary motor function with preservation of reflexesb. Cessation of spinal cord function below the lesionc. Loss of spinal cord function at the level of the lesion onlyd. Temporary loss of spinal cord function above the lesion33.BA 40-year-old male complains of uncontrolled excessive movement and progressive dysfunction of intellectual and thought processes. He is experiencing movement problems that begin in the face and arms that eventually affect the entire body. The most likely diagnosis is: 369a. Tardive dyskinesiab. Huntington diseasec. Hypokinesiad. Alzheimer disease34.AA nurse notes that a patient walks with the leg extended and held stiff, causing a scraping over the floor surface. What type of gait is the patient experiencing? 372a. Spastic gaitb. Cerebellar gaitc. Basal ganglion gaitd. Scissors gait35.BA male patient complains of tiring easily, has difficulty rising from a sitting position, and cannot stand on his toes. The nurse would expect a diagnosis of: 364a. Parkinson diseaseb. Hypotoniac. Huntington diseased. Paresis
1.A neurologist explains that arousal is mediated by the:a. cerebral cortex.b. medulla oblongata.c. reticular activating system.d. cingulate gyrus.ANS: CArousal is mediated by the reticular activating system, which regulates aspects of attention and information processing and maintains consciousness. The cerebral cortex affects movement. The medulla oblongata controls things such as hiccups and vomiting. The cingulate gyrus plays other roles in response.REF: p. 3592.A 20-year-old experiences a severe closed head injury as a result of a motor vehicle accident. Which of the following structures is most likely keeping the patient in a vegetative state (VS) 1 month after the accident?