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The original and/or current work of the theorist and other authors writing about the selectedtheory.Watson's Theories are congruent with other nursing scholars, Watson acknowledges caring as the essence of nursing. She also adds that caring can be viewed as the nurse’s moral ideal of preserving human dignity by assisting a person to find meaning in illness and suffering in order to restore or promote the person’s harmony. You may be inclined to view such “moral ideal” as being extremely intangible and inaccessible. However, as one usually aspires to be the best nurse possible, one tends to evaluate oneself to such ideal. Consequently, the nurse can experience frustrations if he/she feels incongruent with his/her own moral ideal. Instead, an ideal is a guide for shaping practice (Cara, 2003). To frame her discussion of human needs assistance, Watson initially drew on the work of Maslow. She described this carative factor as being a systematic way of attending to an individual's comfort and well-being, including symptom management. Depending on the role that the nurse and client negotiate, the nurse
LIVING LEGEND THEORIST: JEAN WATSON4may advocate for the client with other health professionals and health care agencies and may assist the client in advocating for him or herself. In her earlier work, Watson categorized human needs in terms of biophysical needs such as food and fluids, elimination, and ventilation; psychophysical needs such as activity, rest, and sexuality; psychosocial needs such as achievement and affiliation; and intrapersonal-interpersonal needs such as self-actualization. This framework for human needs, along with a systematic review of internal and external environments and consideration of existential-phenomenological-spiritual forces, provides a useful schema for organizing an assessment (Rafeal, 2016). The phenomenon of concern or problems addressed by the theory.The Watson’s nursing model states that nursing is concerned with promoting health, preventing illness, caring for the sick, and restoring health. It focuses on health promotion, as well as the treatment of diseases. Watson believed that holistichealth care is central to the practice of caring in nursing. She defines nursing as "a human science of persons and human health-illness experiences that are mediated by professional, personal, scientific, esthetic and ethical human transactions" (Nursing Theory, 2015). I felt strongly about this theory and definitely abide by it because I felt like patients deserved to be treated as individual. They are nota disease or another number; they are someone’s child or parents. Providing a caring environment will not only promote health, but also provides support to the patient mentally and emotionally. Achieving the concept of this theory will help a provider to promote health to a higher level of physical, mental, and social functioning. The practice of caring should be the central to all nursing levels and it begins with one nurse at a time.
LIVING LEGEND THEORIST: JEAN WATSON5Deductive reasoning