• Noncollaborative--No Involvement. Decision Situations and Degree of Involvement
Decision-Making Groups and Their Functions Group Consensus Group Majority Group Advisory Individual Advisory Unilateral Who is Leader Leader Leader Leader and Leader Involved? and Group and Group and Group Selected Individuals Nature of Group shares Group shares Group shares Individuals No subordinate Involvement? information, information, information, provide data, involvement analyzes and deliberates, analyzes and discuss, and reaches and votes on recommends. recommend. consensus. action. Who makes Group by Group by Leader with Leader with Leader Alone the decision? Consensus Majority Rule Advice Advice W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011
Five Leadership Roles 1. The integrator brings subordinates together for consensus decision- making. Here the task is to reconcile divergent opinions and positions. 2. The parliamentarian facilitates open communication by protecting the opinions of the minority and leads through a democratic process to a group decision. he educator reduces resistance to change by explaining and discussing with group embers the opportunities and constrains of the decisional issues. e solicitor seeks advice from subordinate-experts. The quality of decisions is improved the administrator guides the generation of relevant information. e director makes unilateral decisions in those instances where the subordinates have expertise or personal stake. Here the goal is efficiency. W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011
Administrative Roles for Decision Making Role Function Aim Integrator Brings together divergent positions To achieve consensus Parliamentarian Facilitates open discussion To support reflective deliberation Educator Explains and discusses issues To assure acceptance of decisions Solicitor Solicits advice from teachers To improve quality of decisions Director Makes unilateral decisions To attain efficiency W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011
A Normative Model for Participative Decision Making Relevance Outside Zone Marginal with Expertise Marginal with Relevance Inside Zone YES NO YES NO Expertise 1. Situation? Democratic Conflictual Stakeholder Expert Noncollaborative 2. Involvement? Yes and extensive Yes but limited
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 20 pages?
- Summer '18
- Decision Making, W. K. Hoy