Business of sport baseball 1869 cincinnati red

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Business of Sport – Baseball 1869 Cincinnati Red Stockings, 57-0-1 1871 National Assocation of Professional Base Ball Players 1876 National League established (William Hulbert) 50 cents admission to all games 1879 reserve clause = owner control over players
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National League Monopoly Similarity to big business (appeal to masses, centralized power, e.g., guaranteed schedules, standard ticket prices, no gambling, pro umpires, temperance) Refusal to play minor league teams 1884 blacks banned (“Fleetwood” Walker) Reserve clause (v. King Kelly) Revolt of Brotherhood, 1889 (Players’ League)
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Sport Entrepreneurs – Henry Chadwick English immigrant Sportswriter, familiar with both cricket and baseball Box score Batting average Quantification
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Sport Entrepreneurs – Albert Pope Bicycle manufacturer First cycling club, Boston, 1878 Promoted bicycling New cycles cost $100 each. Pope’s mass production lowered the costs, but the sport remained largely a middle-class pastime League of American Wheelmen (political)
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Sport Entrepreneurs – Albert Spalding President of Chicago team; head of NL Consolidation and diversification Spalding Bros. Sporting Goods, 1876 promotion and publicity using own name sport as middle class; Spalding trophies donated equipment catalogs (mail-order business) team sponsorship
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Albert Spalding Timeline 1876 “official” league guide: by ’84, sold 50K 1879 bat factory in Michigan: 1878 = 500,000 sold; 1887 = 1 million sold 1880 Spalding baseballs = official N.L. ball 1882 positions by colored socks (failed) (continued)
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  • Fall '19
  • Test, Major League Baseball, Albert Spalding

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