• When used in lower concentrations, it inhibits corrosion and adds crispness to detergent granules . Figure 14: structure of a sodium silicate compound  Appendix Carbon bonds: Each vertex in a chromophore molecule represents one carbon atom. A single bond of carbon is represented by a single line. A double bond of carbon is represented by a double line. In a chromophore molecule, the straight carbon chain alternates in single and double bonded carbons. Redox reactions: A type of chemical reaction that involves the transfer of electrons between two components involves both an oxidation and a reduction reaction. A molecule, atom, or ion will either gain or lose electron(s). Electron: Atoms have subatomic particle(s) with a negative charge. Nonpolar: an equal sharing of electrons between the atoms so they are not charged. Polar: an unequal sharing of electrons causing a difference in positive and negative charge on the atoms. Emulsion: A suspension of tiny droplets of one liquid in a second liquid. Desorb: the release or removal of an adsorbed substance by the reverse of absorption
pH scale: it means potential hydrogen and is a relative measure of how acidic or basic a substance is. Eutrophication: Eutrophication is the enrichment of an ecosystem with chemical nutrients, typically compounds containing nitrogen, phosphorus, or both. Eutrophication is a type of pollution that stimulates an explosive growth of algae (algal blooms) that depletes the water of oxygen when the algae die and are eaten by bacteria. Eutrophication is a leading cause of impairment of many freshwater and coastal marine ecosystems in the world. References  Benckiser, R. Chemistry in Your Cupboard: Vanish- Learn Chemistry. - chemistry/resource/res00000013/vanish?cmpid=CMP00000015 (accessed Oct. 26, 2017).  Rowe, J. Understanding Sodium Hypochlorite. (accessed Oct. 28, 2017).  Bramble, L.Oxygen Bleach Vs. Chlorine Bleach. - bleach-vs-chlorine-bleach-6571838.html (accessed Oct. 28, 2017).  Brockis, J., Despic, A., Electrochemical Reaction. (accessed Oct. 27, 2017).  How Does Chlorine Bleach Work? (accessed Oct. 28, 2017).  Leverette, M. Do You Really Know How to Use Laundry Bleach the Right Way? (accessed Oct. 28, 2017).  Leverette, M. What is Oxygen Bleach and How Do I Use It for Laundry? (accessed Oct. 28, 2017).