Dsm 5 axis i clinical syndrome and other conditions

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DSM-5 Axis I - clinical syndrome and other conditions – all syndromes except personality disorders, personality disorders listed on Axis II because often comorbid with other disorders. Combines the former Axes I, II, and III Axis II - personality disorders or mental retardation Axis III - general medical conditions Now “another medical condition” Axis IV - psychosocial stressors and environmental problems Psychosocial and contextual factors (formerly Axis IV) Axis V - general assessment of function (GAF) Disability (formerly Axis V)
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New DSM-5 System New DSM-5 System Disorders lie on a continuum with “normality” at one end, due to dissatisfaction with the categorical model Development of a new category, “risk syndromes” Dimensional ratings: “None” to “Severe” Emphasis on cross-cultural assessment
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Objections to Classification and Objections to Classification and Labeling Labeling A label can lead to overgeneralizations, stigmas, and stereotypes: Rosenhan's study (1973), "Sane in Insane Places” A label may lead others to treat a person differently. Rosenthal & Jacobson’s (1968) study. A label may lead those who are labeled to believe that they do indeed possess such characteristics: Affects one's identity and self-perception. Social anxiety research. A label may not provide the precise, functional information that is needed: DSM symptom-oriented.
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