Pres power of appointment is shared by senate which

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Pres power of appointment is shared by Senate, which confirms cabinet and ambasodirial appointments Pre must also secure the advice and conment of sentate for any treaty Congress provide money to execute the laws Congress must also authorize the creation of executive department and agencies
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Congress may impeach and remove the pres from office Member of US Supreme Court are appointed by pres and confirmed by senate o Court traditionally has 9 members, but Congress may determine number of justices Congress must also determine the number of judgeships and determine the jurisdiction of federal courts MOST IMP CHECK OF ALL IS THE SUPREME COURT POWER OF JUDICIAL REVIEW Judicial review: power of US Supreme court and federal judiciary to declare laws of Congress and the states and actions of the pres unconstitutional and therefore legally invalid o it ensures compliance with the Constitution it was not until Marbury vs Madison in 1803 that Chief Justice John Marshall asserted in the Supreme Court ruling that the court possessed the power of judicial review over laws of congress 3.7 Conflict over Ratification ratification: power of a legislature to approve or reject decision made by other bodies; state legislators or state conventions must have the power to ratify constititional amendments submitted by Congress and the US senate has power to ratify treaties made by pres this procedure was complete departure from what was supposed to be supreme law of land, the Articles, in two ways o 1) articles require that amendments be approved by all the states Changed to just 9 of states o 2) called for special ratifying conventions in the states rather than risk submitting the Constitution to state legislatures Federalists: those who supported the Constitution during the ratification process and later formed political party in support of John Adam’s presidential candidacy The Constitutional Convention was held in secret Federalists called for ratifying conventions to be held quickly so that opposition could not get itself organized Feds also waged professional media campaigns in support of Constitution o Madison, Hamilton, and john Jay signed press releases published as The Federalist Papers Anti-federalists: opponents of the ratification of the constitution who later coalesced into a political party supporting Thomas Jefferson for pres in 1800 o They thought it would be aristocratic tyranny o Complained that neither senate or pres was elected by people o Most effective argument was that the new Constitution lacked a bill of rights to protect individual liberty from gov abuse 3.8 Amending the Constitution Original constituion had no bill of rights Bill of rights: written guarantees of basic individual liberties; the first 10 amendments of the US Constitution
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Foundrs wrote a few liberties into the body of Constitution such as protection against ex
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Christopher Reinemann
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