In such events the victims have high chances of

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are raped. In such events, the victims have high chances of getting infections like HIV/AIDS andother sexually transmitted diseases (Forehand, 312-313). Some of the children end up becoming street beggars, and in the event of begging for money, the children may be arrested. Victim’s self-esteem deteriorates, and as a result, they develop a distrusting attitude. Some even create a sense of injustice in all the affairs surrounding them. A report that was conducted by Agopian in 1984 showed that victims of abduction create an understanding of betrayal towards their parents for not protecting them. Others grow up with the feeling of self-blame and a financial burden on their lives (Forehand, 320-321).Effects on Parents After an abduction, parents tend to feel responsible, and at times, they feel guilty for not being there for their child. In a study that was conducted in 2006, 72% of the parents believed that they were to blame (Moscowitz, 147). The children sometimes develop some physical symptoms of trauma such as bed wetting, stress as well as rashes after their return. It is because of these physical effects that the parents feel an obligation to whatever transpired to their children. Sometimes the children develop some non-physical effects such as nightmares and mayrefuse to sleep alone (Moscowitz, 150-151). The parent of an abducted child develops some immense stressor in the event of the missing child. The parents tend to feel ill, and sometime they may go through hard times at the job; some of them even fall ill and lose the ability to focus on their posts. Some parents experience suicidal thoughts at times; they may also feel exhausted, and at times, even experience har loss (Forehand, 44). The situation gets to the extent where the parent depends on
SURNAME 10drugs, and in worst cases, they become dependent on alcohol to function properly (Moscowitz, 161-163).Causes of AbductionAbduction can result from: i.Povertyii.Religioniii.Greediv.Politicsv.Corruption vi.IlliteracyUnemployment/Poverty Due to high rates of unemployment in many countries, citizens have been forced to seek new ways of finding the money. In the search, many end up making the wrong decision. A large number of the unemployed fraction start targeting the employed who seem well-off. It is at this point that they try to abduct their children or the individuals to stripe cash from their pockets. The action of kidnaping on enrich person can be a lucrative business, and with the mentality of enriching themselves, the kidnappers tend to target rich in a community. The action is mostly conducted by those living a life below $1.25 a day (Shen, 40-44).IlliteracyIlliteracy is said to be the inability to read or write. Lack of the two can tremendously provoke danger to a community. When one is educated, they tend to live a productive life, and
SURNAME 11they appear to have a deeper understanding of moral judgment as well as ethical decision making. Most previous research done by scholars has proved that a lot of kidnappings are

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