hits an obstacle – dissonant chord, bizarre rhythms…becomes avant-garde definitely written out Air – pianoless trio Henry Threadgill, saxophones Fred Hopkins, bass Steve McCall, drums Album: Air Lore, 1979 features Scott Joplin – “The Ragtime Dance” (from Tremonisha) historically respectful, yet played their way: timbre, tempo, phrasing, timing 1980s: “Jazz Renaissance” historicism as the restoration of older styles (as they were) through young musicians Wynton Marsalis , trumpet born 1961 in New Orleans trained by Juilliard AND Art Blakey (1980, front line for Jazz Messengers) trained in classical and jazz chose jazz he becomes the new spokesperson for acoustic jazz, articulate for jazz tradition
Historicist Jazz - “the jazz tradition” 17:20 natural born teacher, natural pedagogue controversial? attacked fusion and avant-garde – sounds like they don’t know how to play, stop playing around – play the blues correctly, like all the musicians that have played it to this point – they are playing up against history “In jazz, purism is incorrectly perceived as stagnation and the inability to change.” “Rock isn’t jazz and new age isn’t jazz, and neither are pop or third stream. There may be much that is good in all of them but they aren’t jazz.” liked boundaries and organizing the world within them Wynton’s styles 1960s post-bop style (Miles Davis) Black Codes from the Underground 1990s – present large bands historicist pastiche – puts in pieces that are inspired by jazz history, all written by him, but laid out in ways that sometimes sound like the different eras recent albums In This House, On This Morning, 1992 Blood on the Fields, 1997 “Processional” simplistic gospel (trombone) modernist rhythm – like Stravinsky, classical post-bop harmony “young lions” youth, largely black devoted to acoustic jazz tradition rather than avant-garde, fusion Terence Blanchard , trumpet
Historicist Jazz - “the jazz tradition” 17:20 born 1962 film composer Marcus Roberts , piano (blind) born 1963 gospel Joshua Redman , tenor sax born 1969 son of 1960s Dewey Redman saxophonist but he didn’t know until he was 16, but he played tenor sax anyway Roy Hargrove , trumpet born 1969 power of Miles Davis Nicholas Payton , trumpet born 1973 is jazz “classical”? where you hear jazz changed from neighborhood jazz clubs to concert halls, academies from learning jazz “in the streets” or on the job, jam sessions and gigs to going to college and music conservatories, now we expect training modern recordings compete with CD reissues – historicism affects the way music is made nostalgia – the sense that this stuff is going back in time – attractive in pop culture Harry Connick, Jr, 1964, singer – sounds like 1950s mainstream When Harry Met Sally
Historicist Jazz - “the jazz tradition” 17:20 New Orleans piano Diana Krall, 1964, jazz piano and pop star singer (escape jazz world for a moment, dresses different, etc) Jason Moran born 1975 historicist, avant-garde, fusion his version of Planet Rock – plays music that affected him as band leader: The Bandwagon takes spoken word and turns it into music “Artists Ought to be Writing” (Artist in Residence, 2006)
“Summing It Up” – two pianists’ careers 17:20 Herbie Hancock
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- Spring '12
- The Land, Miles Davis, Herbie Hancock, Avantgarde Jazz