Establish Sanguinang Balangay for every new district 5 All efforts exerted must

Establish sanguinang balangay for every new district

This preview shows page 13 - 16 out of 21 pages.

Establish Sanguinang Balangay for every new district 5. All efforts exerted must be for the goal of the society 6. Reforms must be agreed upon by all - 3 Cardinal Objectives o Political -> Overthrow Spanish government o Moral -> hygienic, avoid vices o Civic -> solidarity among Katipuneros RECRUITMENT PROCESS - HASIK = Triangle method of recruitment - Inefficient as the process is slow (members were only around 300) - PADRINO = guardian in the recruitment process - Final Rites (headed by Mabalasik) o Dimly lit room o Portrait of Rizal, with bolo, revolver, skull, KKK Flag o Psychological torture o 3 Final Questions Ano tayo noon, ngayon, at hinaharap? Liwanag, Dilim, Liwanag Tripartite perspective of Filipinos vs. dipartite of Spanish o Spanish believed they came here to civilize (light), and save us from barbarism (dark) KATIPUNAN HEIRARCHY 1. Kataas-taasang Sanggunian o “executive” o Bonifacio = Supremo 2. Sangguniang Bayan o Provincial 3. Sangguinang Balangay o “Factions” in regions o Ex. Magdiwang, Magdalo (where Aguinaldo is part of), etc… SOME REFORMS - Bonifacio replaced D. Arellano as Supremo
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- Hasik was changed into a strict open recruitment because it was inefficient o Members of Katipunan grew to 30,000 Largely due to the publication of Kalayaan Newspaper KATIPUNAN LITERATURE - Emilio Jacinto o Wrote the Kartilya ng mga Katipunan (official primer for Katipunan) - Pio Valenzuela - Andres Bonifacio KALAYAAN NEWSPAPER o The 3 aforementioned were most influential for Kalayaan o For Katipunan to reach a wider audience outside of Manila o Problems: There was no printing press Was solved when Candido Iban (from Australia) won a lottery and donated 400 Pesos to buy a second-hand press Missing types were stolen from Diario de Manila by Katipuneros working there Who would be the Editor-In-Chief? Marcelo H. del Pilar’s name was used Aliases were used to hide true identities Where would the publication be? Yokohama, Japan o There was only one issue of Kalayaan and had far reach March 1896 Large distribution of copies More reach = risky = more chances of exposition RIZAL’S OPINION - June 1896 - Pio Valenzuela went to Dapitan to plan an escape for Rizal - Appointed a check-up for a blind woman to Dr. Rizal - Rizal declined the offer, but gave advise on revolution o Don’t start until you are ready o If no other choice, Get the middle class as allies If not, neutralize the middle class Get Antonio Luna as general in charge CONGO - July 1896 - Japanese Warship “Congo” docked in Manila Bay - Bonifacio tried to negotiate with Japanese for help - Japan declined request for back up TEODORO PATINO INCIDENT - 2 Workers from Diario Manila
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o Apolinario dela Cruz (Katipunero) o Teodoro Patino (non-Katipunero) - Looking at a raise in wage, but dela Cruz threw propaganda at Patino - Dela Cruz got the raise, Patino was hurt and told his sister in convent - Sor Teresa overheard and told Patino to approach Fr. Mariano Gil in Tondo to confess - There were suspicions prior because of nightly meetings in Bonifacio’s house - Fr. Mariano Gil broke the vow o
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