Establish Sanguinang Balangay for every new district 5. All efforts exerted must be for the goal of the society 6. Reforms must be agreed upon by all - 3 Cardinal Objectives o Political -> Overthrow Spanish government o Moral -> hygienic, avoid vices o Civic -> solidarity among Katipuneros RECRUITMENT PROCESS - HASIK = Triangle method of recruitment - Inefficient as the process is slow (members were only around 300) - PADRINO = guardian in the recruitment process - Final Rites (headed by Mabalasik) o Dimly lit room o Portrait of Rizal, with bolo, revolver, skull, KKK Flag o Psychological torture o 3 Final Questions Ano tayo noon, ngayon, at hinaharap? Liwanag, Dilim, Liwanag Tripartite perspective of Filipinos vs. dipartite of Spanish o Spanish believed they came here to civilize (light), and save us from barbarism (dark) KATIPUNAN HEIRARCHY 1. Kataas-taasang Sanggunian o “executive” o Bonifacio = Supremo 2. Sangguniang Bayan o Provincial 3. Sangguinang Balangay o “Factions” in regions o Ex. Magdiwang, Magdalo (where Aguinaldo is part of), etc… SOME REFORMS - Bonifacio replaced D. Arellano as Supremo
- Hasik was changed into a strict open recruitment because it was inefficient o Members of Katipunan grew to 30,000 Largely due to the publication of Kalayaan Newspaper KATIPUNAN LITERATURE - Emilio Jacinto o Wrote the Kartilya ng mga Katipunan (official primer for Katipunan) - Pio Valenzuela - Andres Bonifacio KALAYAAN NEWSPAPER o The 3 aforementioned were most influential for Kalayaan o For Katipunan to reach a wider audience outside of Manila o Problems: There was no printing press Was solved when Candido Iban (from Australia) won a lottery and donated 400 Pesos to buy a second-hand press Missing types were stolen from Diario de Manila by Katipuneros working there Who would be the Editor-In-Chief? Marcelo H. del Pilar’s name was used Aliases were used to hide true identities Where would the publication be? Yokohama, Japan o There was only one issue of Kalayaan and had far reach March 1896 Large distribution of copies More reach = risky = more chances of exposition RIZAL’S OPINION - June 1896 - Pio Valenzuela went to Dapitan to plan an escape for Rizal - Appointed a check-up for a blind woman to Dr. Rizal - Rizal declined the offer, but gave advise on revolution o Don’t start until you are ready o If no other choice, Get the middle class as allies If not, neutralize the middle class Get Antonio Luna as general in charge CONGO - July 1896 - Japanese Warship “Congo” docked in Manila Bay - Bonifacio tried to negotiate with Japanese for help - Japan declined request for back up TEODORO PATINO INCIDENT - 2 Workers from Diario Manila
o Apolinario dela Cruz (Katipunero) o Teodoro Patino (non-Katipunero) - Looking at a raise in wage, but dela Cruz threw propaganda at Patino - Dela Cruz got the raise, Patino was hurt and told his sister in convent - Sor Teresa overheard and told Patino to approach Fr. Mariano Gil in Tondo to confess - There were suspicions prior because of nightly meetings in Bonifacio’s house - Fr. Mariano Gil broke the vow o
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- Test, Philippine Revolution, Katipunan