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maintained by conservative mechanisms of cultural transmissions) dramatically influence fathers roles5.You should be familiar with the nature of gender relations among horticulturalists and pastoralists. In particular, you should know what conditions influence how pronounced gender stratification is in a given community. In addition, you should be familiar with the patrilineal-patrilocal complex.a.Male-male alliances are importantb.Emphasize deference and respect by women and children for elders, males and ancestorsc.Age and gender hierarchyd.Communalistic (family and extended family come before self)e.Polygynous societies, multiple marriagesf.Ngandu women are primary contributors to the diet but have lower status than the Aka women g.Female farming is practiced h.Men and women have sharply delineated gender rolesi.Polygyny is 35% ish and fertility is lower because of STD’sj.Women seldom occupy political positions, gender inequality existsk.Women cannot touch hunting implements, males get larger and first portionsl.Violence against women and children is commonm.Week FiveFrom the article “Trans Youth, Science and Art” How do dominant gender norms affect the lives, emotions and experiences of trans youth? What is a trans-gendered space? 1.What does transgendered space refer to?a.Refers to a space of comfort where transgendered subjectivities can be expressed, recognized, and formedb.Tries to push youths into one singular direction and make them feel like there
is no fluidity in sexualityc.Week Six lecture notes, what are the facts/fiction about sex differences? 1.In the article, “Warriors, Hunters and Bruce Lee”what does the author argue in terms of the construction of Waorani forms of masculinity?a.Used to be whipped after a wild pig hunt to make them stronger, wasn’t used in the form of punishmentb.Because they don’t whip anymore, the elders claim the children are weaker and that the boys cant hunt peccaries with spears anymore which is a part of proving masculinityc.Because of this, its also seen that boys are not able to “actualize their masculine potential”d.Provding game is idealized for showing masculinity2.In “Male socialization” what are the three clusters of variables used to examine the degree to which aspects of socialization of boys and male adolescents relate to the presence of a masculinist ideology and hypermasculine behaviors?a.