25 February 2013- lecture 11

State and the state keeps everyone in consort with

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state and the state keeps everyone in consort with one another You get rights by belonging to one of the social bodies Charismatic leader o Mass communication: radio, film Getulio Varagas performed similar radio conversations to those  of Roosevelt and his fireside chats o Mass politics for the first time in LA Liberal republicanism was a fa ç ade to keep colonial institutions  in tact Now, people are mobilized, unionized and spoken to; political  speech and discourse
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Incorporating people who were commonly disenfranchised in  the earlier regimes Making politics about everyone o Mass mobilization in political movements identified with charismatic  leaders (rather than ideology eg Peronist party) o Personalistic (rather than institutional) forms of rule Kinship based forms of social relationship Social/political relationship based on personalism as opposed to  institutions Key characteristic of these movements  Context and Causes of Emergence of Populist Governments 1929-1930 world economic crisis o Collapse of most agricultural export economies Mexico during the porfiriato Coffee in brazil  Provided more than 80% of the world’s economy before  1930 o Collapse of political arrangements based on oligarchic rule o Collapse of ideology and philosophy of Liberalism: model of free trade,  Europe and the US, Europeanization, theory of comparative advantage Great depression signals that the LA model of economic growth is no longer  going to work o New models and solutions for producing economic growth are  necessary After 1930: o Contraction of international trade and foreign investment that had  fueled growth from 1870-1930: Argentine wheat and beef o Contraction of markets for LA commodities exacerbated by  protectionist policies adopted by industrialized countries Deteriorating terms 
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