REMOVAL 45 INSTALLATION 45 BRAKES ABS DESCRIPTION The antilock brake system ABS

Removal 45 installation 45 brakes abs description the

This preview shows page 39 - 41 out of 45 pages.

REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 BRAKES - ABS DESCRIPTION The antilock brake system (ABS) is an electroni- cally operated, three channel brake control system. The vehicle has Electronic Variable Brake Propor- tioning (EVBP) designed into the system which elim- inates the combination/proportioning valve. The system is designed to prevent wheel lockup and maintain steering control during braking. Pre- venting lockup is accomplished by modulating fluid pressure to the wheel brake units. The hydraulic system is a three channel design. The front wheel brakes are controlled individually and the rear wheel brakes in tandem. The ABS elec- trical system is separate from other electrical circuits in the vehicle. A specially programmed controller antilock brake unit operates the system components. ABS system major components include: Controller Antilock Brakes (CAB) Hydraulic Control Unit (HCU) Wheel Speed Sensors (WSS) ABS Warning Light OPERATION Battery voltage is supplied to the CAB. The CAB performs a system initialization procedure at start up. A check of the ABS motor is performed at 15 miles per hour. Initialization consists of a static and dynamic self check of system electrical components. The static and dynamic checks occurs at ignition start up. During the dynamic check, the CAB briefly cycles solenoids to verify operation. An audible noise may be heard during this self check. This noise should be considered normal. The ABS motor and pump are then checked at a speed of 15 mile per hour. If an ABS component exhibits a fault during ini- tialization, the CAB illuminates the amber warning light and registers a fault code in the microprocessor memory. The CAB monitors wheel speed sensor inputs con- tinuously while the vehicle is in motion. However, the CAB will not activate any ABS components as long as sensor inputs indicate normal braking. During normal braking, the master cylinder, power booster and wheel brake units all function as they would in a vehicle without ABS. The HCU compo- nents are not activated. DR BRAKES - ABS 5 - 39
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The purpose of the antilock system is to prevent wheel lockup. Preventing lockup helps maintain vehi- cle braking action and steering control. The antilock CAB activates the system whenever sensor signals indicate periods of wheel slip. The antilock system prevents lockup during a wheel slip condition by modulating fluid apply pres- sure to the wheel brake units. Brake fluid apply pressure is modulated according to wheel speed, degree of slip and rate of decelera- tion. Sensors at each front wheel convert wheel speed into electrical signals. These signals are transmitted to the CAB for processing and determination of wheel slip and deceleration rate. The ABS system has three fluid pressure control channels. The front brakes are controlled separately and the rear brakes in tandem. A speed sensor input signal indicating a wheel slip condition activates the CAB antilock program.
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