I. The Movements of the Concerto A. Solo concerto: three movements, fast-slow-fast 1. piano: favored solo instrument 2. cadenza: improvisatory solo passage, virtuosic B. First movement: allegro; first-movement concerto form 1. sonata-allegro form with double exposition 2. orchestral exposition, tonic key 3. second exposition, key change a. solo instrument and orchestra b. elaborated versions of themes 4. development: solo virtuosic display 5. cadenza: near end of the movement 6. coda: affirmation of home key C. Second movement: andante, adagio, or largo 1. slow and lyrical 2. closely related key D. Third movement: allegro molto or presto 1. rondo or sonata-allegro form 2. shorter than first movement 3. may have cadenza E. A piano concerto by Mozart 1. twenty-seven piano concertos by Mozart 2. public performances: Mozart at the piano 3. 1784, wrote five piano concertos 4. K. 453 composed for student, Barbara von Ployer F. Listening Guide 33: Mozart, Piano Concerto in G major, K. 453 (1784) 1. mvt. 1: Allegro; first-movement concerto form a. theme 1 in violins: lilting, quiet b. theme 2: quiet and lyrical, violins answered by woodwinds c. solo exposition: new “piano theme” between themes 1 and 2 d. development: virtuosic piano part, various modulations e. cadenza by Mozart: after theme 2 in recapitulation *2. mvt. 2: Andante; first-movement concerto form *a. contrasting key, C major *b. highly expressive, variety of woodwind color *c. theme 1: lyrical dialogue between strings and woodwinds *d. theme 2: alternates forte (strings) and piano (woodwinds) *e. cadenza in recapitulation, before coda *f. coda: begins with theme 1, ends softly *3. mvt. 3: Allegretto, Presto; theme and five variations *a. theme: clear-cut binary form *b. theme played by orchestra *c. variation 1: solo piano with melodic ornamentation *d. other variations: dialogue of piano and woodwinds with full orchestra *e. no cadenza *f. coda: Presto, new theme, highly virtuosic *G. Haydn’s Trumpet Concerto *1. thirty-five concertos by Haydn *2. trumpet concerto: composed for experimental instrument, keyed trumpet *a. highly lyrical melodies and virtuosic passages *b. 1800 first performance; manuscript lost until 1929 *c. Haydn’s last orchestral work *H. Listening Guide 34: Haydn, Trumpet Concerto in E-flat major, Third Movement (1796) *1. sonata-rondo form, A-B-A-B-A-C-A-B- A-Coda *2. unexpected harmonies, sudden dynamic contrasts *3. A section: energetic, opens with rising 4th *4. B section: light-hearted theme turns downward EnjMus11-IRM_Norton 8 1/2 x 11 specs 6/10/11 5:21 PM Page 58
Teaching Guide | 59 *5. C section: developmental, short motivic calls in trumpet *6. contrapuntal coda; ends ff II. Famous Women Virtuosos of the Eighteenth Century A. Proper eighteenth-century women studied music 1. highly skilled amateurs 2. music teachers 3. professional performers: fame atypical *B. Students at Venice’s Ospedale della Pietà *1. Anna Maria della Pietà *2. Maddalena Lombardini C. Keyboard players associated with Mozart 1. Maria Anna Mozart (Nannerl) (1751–1829) a. Mozart’s sister b. toured extensively with Mozart 2. Maria Theresia von Paradis (1759–1824) a. friend of Mozart b.