Hlerc ar 2015 life cycle assessment and eco design of

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hlerc AR (2015) Life cycle assessment and eco-design of smart textiles: the importance of material selection demonstrated through e-textile product redesign. Materials & Design 84(5):313 324 Vinodh S, Rathod G (2010) Integration of ECQFD and LCA for sustainable product design. J Clean Prod 18(8):833 842 Zadro D (2014) Changing demographics are prompting retail shifts in marketing. . business2community.com/marketing/changing-demographics-prompting-retail-shifts- marketing-0957892#e2O11A80DV3qstVX.97 . Accessed 5 Mar 2016 Zhang Y, Liu X, Xiao R, Yuan Z (2015) Life cycle assessment of cotton T-shirts in China. Int J Life Cycle Assess 20(7):994 1004 Zhu O, Sarkis J, Geng Y (2005) Green supply chain management in China: pressures, practices and performance. Int J Oper Prod Manage 25(5):449 468 Environmental Sustainability in the Textile Industry 55
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Social Sustainability in Textile Industry S. Grace Annapoorani Abstract The textile and clothing related industry holds a remarkable position in the global merchandize trade across countries. Budding countries account for two-third of global exports in textiles and clothing. In the world textile market, USA and Europe import textiles and apparels from Asia which acts as a prime region. India s one of the oldest business is textiles, and it has a remarkably sturdy occurrence in the nationwide market and contributes about 14 % to industrial production, 4 % to gross domestic product (GDP), and 27 % to the country s foreign exchange in fl ows. It also provides direct employment to over 45 million people. Textile industry is retaining sustained growth by affording one of the most basic needs of people for developing quality of life, and it holds the importance. The ready-made garment (RMG) industry is one of the largest urban employers in India and is a key driver of the national economy. Over the past twenty years due to increase in the labour inputs the industry has changed from informal to formal factory based industry, which is highly dependent on labour inputs. This section of the book deals with social aspects of sustainability in various sectors of textile industry. The textile industry manufactures fabric from natural and man-made fi bres. There are different stages of processing starting from sorting, roving, spin- ning, blending, and dyeing, and fi nally, the fabric is either weaved or knitted. Labour is vital to the sector s current competitiveness and long-term capability. Workers skill levels, productivity, and motivation make the industry s ability to be a focus and retain the right quantity and quality of workers, domestic labour laws, and regulations, and workers living conditions and costs in urban areas are all critical in the circumstances of a continuously changing economic environment. In South Asia and other emerging economies, where low-cost labour is extremely important for industry competitiveness, the clothing industry has been subject to different legal accusations of labour abuse, including long hours, forced overtime, and low wages. Because of these factors, there have been many state and non-state
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