People live in big city increasingly, big difference in stage 2 Increases in health care, 911 emerges Education increases Education for women which lowers fertility rates, more career oriented Decreasing infant mortality Death rate still decreasing but not as much as stage 2 Birth rate plummets because of technology and education in women Cultural lag = population boom Population increasing less rapidly Fertility rates plummet Longevity increases ‘ Examples: lot of farmers = early stage 3 like Africa, asia, middle east Late stages 3 are argentina, brazil, turkey, south Africa, china? Stage 4 Post industrial In America 2% are farmers, very few famrers Decreased industrialized work, less factory workers More teachers and civil servants, desk jobs Overwhelmingly urban, 70 – 90 % Highest levels of technology
Birth rates bottom out and meet death rates, both still low and same Overall population is stable, high total Very low fertility rates Longevity rates increasingly higher Examples : US , UK , Europe, UAE , Singapore , Austrailia Stage 5 Death rates are low Birth rates are GETTING LOWER THAN DEATH RATES POPULATION IS SHRINKING Examples are Russia, Japan, Italy Birth rate is lower than death rate Increase = urbanization, industrialization, education health care, technology, life expectancy Decreasing infant mortality and fertility rate
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- Fall '08