What is the fundamental assumption about interpersonal attraction? Explain.
We are attracted to people/things whose presence is rewarding. o Direct/indirect rewards o Similarity o Comfortableness o Exercise of free will o Faces that are easier to process [indicate physical fitness, nurturance, etc.] o Scents linked to genetic fitness/variability o Waist-to-hip ratio linked to fertility o Shoulder-to-hip ratio linked to physical status/prowess ° ° Direct vs. indirect rewards in relationships Direct rewards include: o Material items (i.e. wedding rings, etc.) o Physical contact o Interest/approval o Affection o Laughter o Smiles Indirect rewards include: o Benefits that are merely associated with our interactions with our partner. o Pursuit of partners that may benefit our offspring
Physical attractiveness (i.e. facial symmetry) o Things that connect people to us (i.e. similar names, common birthdays, etc.) o Settings/situations o Misattribution of arousal ° ° What is misattribution of arousal? How does it influence relationship development? Give examples.
How does proximity play a role in our romantic relationships and friendships? Our friendships and romances grow out of interactions with those who are nearby because: o People become familiar o It’s convenient o Easier to enjoy rewards ° ° Similarity: Why do we like people who are similar to us? o Reassuring/validating o Convergence of goals, desires, needs, etc. o Ease of interaction o Familiarity leads to comfort, security, etc. o Approval from others (i.e. friends, family, co-workers, etc.) o Anticipate greater acceptance o Similarity Expected liking Attraction In what ways do we like people to be similar? o Demographics (i.e. age, culture, ethnicity, religion, race, education, IQ, etc.) o Personality o Values/attitudes o Level of attractiveness
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 28 pages?
- Spring '08
- Roe v. Wade, partner