11了解我们的身体.pptx

Starling 发现第一种 动 物 激 素 促胰

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Starling 发现第一种 ——促胰 液素 1921 Banting Best 发现 胰岛 1921 Dale 确认第一种神 经递 ——肾 1926 Sumner 确认 的本质是 蛋白 1928 Lohmann 发现 ATP 1937 Krebs 总结出 完整 柠檬酸循环 过程 1954 Calvin 提出 尔文 循环
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分子生物学 分子生物学 James D. Watson (1 928– ) Francis H.C. Crick (1916–2004) 1953 同提出 DN A 双螺旋模型
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分子生物学 分子生物学
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分子生物学 分子生物学 Frederick Sanger (1 918–2013) 1953 牛胰岛 测序 1958 诺贝 尔化学 1975 年发明 DNA 桑格法测序 1980 再获诺贝 尔化学
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分子生物学 分子生物学 1990 年“人类基因 启动 1999 年中 国加入 类基因 2000 年人类基因 划草图完 2006 后一 色体 测序完毕
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命的 大进 传染 防治 化学 疗法 的巨大进 养不 良症 防治 手术三 大难关的 手术 的巨大进 药效检 的提出
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Edward Jenner (174 9–1823) 1796 年进行第一 牛痘接
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Louis Pasteur (1822–189 5) 提出传染 生物 致病 1885 年第一次成 功接 犬病疫苗 “ 科学 界,因为 知识 全人类,是 照亮 世界 火炬;但 科学 特性 最好 的体现
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H.H. Robert Koch (1 843–1910) 1881 年起 研究 ,提出确定 致病微 生物的
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Paul Ehrlich (1854– 1915) 1902 年提出体液 理论 1909 年发现 治疗梅 毒的特 效药 606 1932 Domagk 磺胺
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Alexander Fleming (1881–1955) 1928 年发现 青霉
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