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CHANGE IN ONE PART OF CULTURE MAY LEAD TO CHANGES IN OTHER PARTS OF CULTURE • EXAMPLE: COMPUTERS AND CHANGES IN OUR LANGUAGE -Know what acculturation, assimilation and accommodation means • Acculturation – when there is a lot of contact and one culture becomes “used to” the other. • Accommodation – when the larger culture allows the smaller culture to retain its own identity. • Assimilation – when the smaller culture is absorbed into the larger culture losing its own identity. What are Cultural Universals? TRAITS COMMON TO EVERY KNOWN CULTURE • THE FAMILY – ASSIGNMENT OF SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITIES FOR YOUNG AND THE CONTROL OF SEXUAL REPRODUCTION • FUNERAL RITES – COMMUNITY BONDING WITH CLOSURE, COMFORT, AND CONTINUITY FOR THE LIVING • SMILING AND HUMOR – OUTWARD SIGNS OF FRIENDSHIP AND SAFETY VALVE FOR SOCIAL TENSIONS • DEVIANCE – A CONSTANT REMINDER OF THE BEHAVIORAL LIMITS FOUND IN A GIVEN SOCIETY WITH RESPECT TO INDIVIDUALITY AND NON-COMFORMITY
Chapter 3The definition of the "self": Self- one’s sense of identity and awareness of self, awareness of being human A developmental process occurring between the stimulus and response The definition of Socialization The process which people learn the characteristics of their group- the knowledge, skills, attitudes, values,norms and actions though appropriate for them Functions of Socialization Personality development Feral, Isolated and Institutionalized Children Feral- Wild Children that could not speak; they bit, scratched, and growled, and walked on all fours. Never got cold, and would devour animals uncooked. Isolated- Isabelle was mentally impaired. She was unable to progress through the usual stages of development after they take care of her she learn the language. Without language, there are no relationships. Without intimate relationships,there are no bonds can be mad with others. Human contact is how people become members of the human community. Institutionalized-: The skeels/Dye experiment ; Orphanages have low IQs “ common sense” .About 6 months the children have been taken care of such as , change diapers or bedding.etc. The result, the IQs of the poor children have average 28 IQs and the others who remained in the orphanage lost 30 points . * Orphanage research in India : the same experiment and the same