This question may pose a false dichotomy between Nature vs. Nurture as a analogy → does the area of a rectangle result more from its length or its width? This question seems to have no real answer, because bot length and width are essential to the area of the rectangle § A more precise research question about intelligence: What contributes more? ○ Studying twins can elucidate which factors correlate strongest with intelligence ○ •
ed e h th
The Flynn Effect - the observation that raw IQ scores have been on the rise since 1932 IQ test score have been rising consistently for years ○ • Flynn argues that increased quality of life of school has played a large role in this increase. Another possible factor is the increased access to information and ideas, through books, TV, and most recently, the internet. Others sugge that nutrition and health have played an important role. Perhaps the increased access to technology, multimedia and even video games may also ○
n est o
be contributing factors. The steady increase in the quality of life may explain the Flynn Effect ○ Piaget and Intelligence Development Schema - a mental framework for interpreting the world around us • Assimilation - incorporation new information into existing schemas • Accommodation - modifying existing schemas to fit incompatible information • Piaget proposed 4 sequential stages of cognitive development in children • Sensorimotor stage → preoperational stage → concrete operational stage → formal operational stage Children can move through each stage with different rates, but every child must pass through each stage in this order ○ • Sensorimotor Stage Children begin to affect change in their environment • 0-2 years • Learning object permanence - realization that objects continue to exist when no longer visible • Preoperational Stage Mastering object permanence advanced children to preoperational stage • 2-7 years • Preoperational children are cognitively egocentric • Preoperational children struggle with seriation Ex. Cannot put something in order • • Preoperational children struggle with reversible relationships Ex. I have a brother but he does not have a sister • • Preoperational children struggle with conservation tasks Ex. Pouring same amount of milk into skinner glass, child will still want bigger one thinking there is more milk • • Concrete Operational Stage Children at the concrete operational stage struggle with abstract concepts • 7-12 years • Formal Operational Stage Understanding abstract concepts moves children to the Formal Operational Stage • Children are able to think in abstract terms, work with •
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 16 pages?
- Winter '14