coercion OR b) consent, not always knowledgeable -- crime myths reinforce the consent produced through cultural forms Hegemonic vs. counter-hegemonic - hegemonic: reinforces or support status quo or existing power relations, images that somehow rationalize, naturalize and support the existing social order; counter-hegemonic: challenges status quo Preferred vs. resistant readings The White Gaze : how is this cultural form “hegemonic”?
SOC 368 Midterm Study Guide, Winter 2016: 17 D. DRUGS AND MORAL PANIC ( Heiner, Reinarman, Staples, Murakawa, Hooked ) Moral panic : what is it? period of marked concern that sweeps through a community/society 3 major types of 1. drug scares 2. crime waves 3. sex panics Examples 1) Drug scares 2) serial killings 3) child abductions/disappearances Moral panics as “socially constructed”: what does this mean? - sometimes we have crime waves when crime is actually going down. So, our concern comes from what we grant legitimacy to. (can you link this back to Best?) Troubling conditions claims-makers / moral entrepreneurs : what are they? What do they do? - they make claims about things. When they make claims about crimes, their ‘facts’ have legitimacy. A lot of the time this is to further their agendas. Cc: politicians and drug scares Moral panic dynamics What happens during a moral panic? Consequences/legacies of moral panics: creation of new laws how does the past matter in the present? because we act upon the beliefs and create legislature Folk devil : what or who is a folk devil? an unambiguous, substance/type of person, the personification of evil What do folk devils do?: covers up/distracts from other social ills; serves as a scapegoat “Blacks” and Latinos as folk devils : what does this mean? Examples? Consequences? Working class of Blacks and Latinos made to look dangerous and immoral and a threat to the nations well being and security Crime waves/scares : what are they? how do they occur? What is the relationship between crime scares and actual crime? (Can you link this back to the unholy trinity?) Media/public frenzy surrounding crime that is not necessarily correlated with an increase in prevalence of that crime, but may promote the interests of elites (unholy trinity - fear of crime, crime myths, and media coverage of crime create crime waves and make them successful) Serial murder o Frenzy took place in the 1980s and 1990s o Media were reporting that 4000-5000 serial murders happened every year; in reality, this was likely closer to 50-70 serial murders o Successfully constructed because many parties had an interest in perpetuating these myths § FBI perpetuated myth to establish dominance over local departments that couldn’t “connect” crimes § Conservatives focus on “depraved individuals” rather than more frequent crimes associated with social structures § Liberals focus on serial killers who target blacks/gays/women to bring structural issues into focus Missing children o Frenzy took place in the early 1980s
SOC 368 Midterm Study Guide, Winter 2016: 18 o
- Winter '08
- property crime