How do values, beliefs, and attitudes shape our opinion on political issues? These 3 shape our opinions on political views because people tend to follow what they know, so if you believe in equalrights for gays and have grown up believing that they are equal people who deserve equal rights, you are more towards the liberal side.What is political socialization? The process by which people learn about the political world.Who (or what) are the different actors that influence political socialization? Social class, religion, ethnicity, family, school, and peer groups.How do socioeconomic factors influence our stance on certain issues? Your stance is effected depending on your situation you were raised in/around.What does it mean to say someone has “low political efficacy”? The citizens lackof trust in government and their belief that they can understand and influence politics.What is meant by the term “political intolerance”? Unwillingness to extend viewpoints to those who differ from ones own. Why are these two things thought to be “dangerous” for democracy? Its hard to influence someone who already has a set of political views and doesn’t trust their government. They aren’t willing to be open to any new political ideas.What separates scientific polling from unscientific polling? Scientific polling is the use of stats during the process of selecting participants, unscientific polling is an open access poll which has a nonprobability sample of participants and can be unbalanced or lack representation.Make sure to know and understand the definitions and significance of these terms:nonresponse bias, random sample, double-barreled question, and priming. Nonresponse bias is when those who respond to a survey may hold different opinions from those who do not which can throw off a survey. Random sample is when every member of the sampling frame has an equal chance of being selected. Double-barreled question is when the surveyor asks the
respondents a question that has more than one issue which leads to invalid answers. Priming is the problem of when a previous question can influence the answer to a future question.How do the four political scientific models of American politics (majoritarianism, elite theory, pluralism, and biased pluralism) conceive of the relationship betweenpublic policy and public opinion? Majoritarianism implies a link to mass public opinion and policy makers. The model shows that public opinion influences policy makers which then influences public policy. Elite theory, pluralism, and biased pluralism implies that policy initiators get issues on public agenda which then has an influence on policy makers as well as publicopinion, but public opinion has an effect on policy makers. Each policy that emerges from the process has an effect on each element of the model.
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Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, United States Bill of Rights