24 economy south africa has a mixed economy the

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Economy: South Africa has amixed economy, the second largest in Africa afterNigeria. It also has a relatively high GDP per capita compared to other countries in Sub-Saharan Africa ($11,750 at PPP as of 2012). Despite this, South Africa is still burdened by a relatively high rate of poverty and unemployment, and is also ranked in the top 10 countries in the world forincome inequality, measured by theGini coefficient.Unlike most of the world's poor countries, South Africa does not have a thriving informal economy. Only 15% of South African jobs are in the informal sector, compared with around half in Brazil and India and nearly three-quarters in Indonesia.Health: According to theSouth African Institute of Race Relations, the life expectancy in 2009 was 71 years for a white South African and 48 years for a black South African.The healthcare spending in the country is about 9% of GDP. Only 16% of the population is covered by medical schemes. About20% useprivate healthcare.The rest pay "out of pocket" or through hospital cash plans.The three dominant hospital groups, med clinic, Life Healthcare and Net care, together control 75% of the market.About 84%of the population depend on the public healthcare system,which is beset with chronic human resource shortages and limited resources. South Africa is home of the third largest hospital in the world, theChris Hani Baragwaneth HospitalArea • Total1,221,037 km2 (25th)471,443 sq mi • Water (%)NegligiblePopulation25
 • 2015 estimate54,956,900 (25th) • 2011 census51,770,560[5]:18 • Density42.4/km2 (169th)109.8/sq miGDP (PPP)2016 estimate • Total$742.461 billion (30th) • Per capita$13,321 (90th)GDP (nominal)2016 estimate • Total$326.541 billion (35th) • Per capita$5,859 (88th)Gini (2009)63.1HDI (2014) 0.666medium · 116thSecondary country AngolaAlgeriaMoroccoAngola:Independence • from Portugal, as People's Republic of Angola11 November 1975 26
 • Republic of Angola25 August 1992 Area • Total1,246,700 km2(23rd)481,354 sq mi • Water (%)NegligiblePopulation • 2014 census25,789,024 • Density20,69/km2(199th)53.57/sq miGDP (PPP)2016 estimate • Total$194.055 billion (64th) • Per capita$7,501 (107th)GDP (nominal)2016 estimate • Total$98.815 billion (61st) • Per capita$3,819[2] (91st)Gini (2009)42.7mediumHDI (2014) 0.532 · 149thAlgeria:Independence from France • Declared3 July 1962  • Recognised5 July 1962 Area • Total2,381,741 km2 (10th)27
919,595 sq mi • Water (%)negligiblePopulation • 2016 estimate40,400,000 (33rd) • 2013 census37,900,000 • Density15.9/km2 (208th)37.9/sq miGDP (PPP)2016 estimate • Total$599.83 billion • Per capita$14,610GDP (nominal)2016 estimate • Total$181.71 billion  • Per capita$4,425 Gini (1995)35.3HDI (2015) 0.736 · 83rdMoroccoArea • Total710,850 km2or 446,550 km2 (40th or28
58th)274,460 sq mior 172,413  sq mi • Water (%)0.056 (250 km2)Population • 1 September 2014 census33,848,242 • Density73.1/km2189.3/sq miGDP (PPP)2015 estimate • Total$274.53 billion • Per capita$8,194GDP (nominal)2015 estimate

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