Chinese Politics Reading Notes.docx

The figure of gotama the buddha behind the sun gods

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the figure of Gotama the Buddha behind the sun gods The whole pantheon of Shinto gods were regarded as manifestation of Vairocana Ryobu Shinto “the twofold way of the gods” For a thousand years Buddhist triumphed until the great Shinto reaction in the 19th century Twelve Buddhist sects in Japan The Tendai sect came from China in the Nara period and because of its all-embracing character, allowing for many ways of approaching the truth, it was able to help in the unification of the empire Unity of everything in Buddha’s love Extreme tolerance of all forms tends to allow the distinctive Buddhist teaching to be covered over with a mass of other material Shingon sect similar comprehensive Low form of Indian Buddhism giving much place to mystical ritual and incantation Jodo sect is the Japanese name for the popular Chinese “pure land” sect. It is a revolt against formalism and dogma, and has been likened to the Lutheran stress on salvation by faith alone The believer turns in pure faith to Amida the Buddha of Infinite Light and Lord of the Western Paradise Amida had acquired enough meit to save all who call upon him in the formula “Adoration of the Buddha of Infinite Light”
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Against this arose the Nichiren sect in the 13th century Persecuted the other sects and exiled himself Zen sect Means a technique of meditation Flowered more in japan than in the west Rejects the intellectual and philosophical solutions to the problems of life and teaches that knowledge comes by a sudden enlightenment An experience rather than a doctrine It is an intuition whereby men see their relationship to the Buddha nature Enlightenment comes not by striving by by realization of the spiritual reality all around Vision of the tao Za-zen: kind of meditation and perform manual labor Daily begging round prescribed by buddha Only sect that does this Zen became the creed of the military class in Japan and gave direction to the Bushido, or code of chivalry Suppression of self interest Zen abandoned the peaceful foundation of Buddhism Similar to indian yoga Position can be maintained for hours by those with sufficient experience Monks of all sects repeat daily the threefold refuge in Buddha, Law and ORder, and Mahayanist vows Kwannon Sutra Lotus of the Wonderful Law New Testament of Japan No official introduction of the Confucianism in Japan 7th and 8th century Tang culture copied to Japan kinda brought Confucianism It was particularly in its stress on filial duty and piety and attention to the ancestors, that Confucianism filled a lack in Japanese life Confucianism did little to affect the morality of the common people or to deliver them from their superstitions In the seventeenth century there was a reaction to practical confucianism in japan, with a return to the study of the classical books The aim of Confucianism is benevolence and justice and the development of the self so as to produce right conduct
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