Jetpac & Atic Atac - Ultimate Play The Game (later known as Rare ), ZX Spectrum. The ZX Spectrum (the "Z" is pronounced "Zed" from its original British English branding) is an 8-bit personal home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research Ltd . Some credit it as the machine which launched the UK IT industry. Over 23,000 software titles have been released since the Spectrum's launch and new titles continue to be released. Rare Ltd is known for the following games: Donkey Kong Country, Banjo-Kazooie, Star Fox Adventures, Conker’s Bad Fur Day, Perfect Dark, Battletoads, and GoldenEye 007! 17
THE CRASH Video Game Crash of 1983 Overview: At the end of 1983, the industry experienced losses more severe than the 1977 crash. This was “THE CRASH" of the entire North American video game industry. It brought an end to what is considered to be the second generation of console video gaming. ( ColecoVision , Emerson Arcadia 2001 , Atari 5200 , and Vectrex ) Reasons Behind the Crash: Atari’s Hubris: 1980’s – Top of the World Atari’s Cracks: Atari 2600 required its own breed of programmers and game designers. They were highly independent and eccentric and like zealots. Nolan quoted as saying they had a “passionate, almost religious quest. And the more religious fervor, the better and more interesting the games turned out to be.” Money flowed so freely that they made their own in house credit card. George Kiss’s, Director of Software, morning question - “Is there anyone in jail?” Larry Kaplan - helped found Activision then returned to Atari as a vice president. o Kiss offered Kaplan a salary bonus “OR” is score in Defender o Kaplan racked up a great score! Activision’s formation brings back the concept of designer royalties to the table. The First Game-Crack: Todd Frye – Goes to Ray Kassar and demands a royalty for the game he was working on or he will quit and go work for Activision. If he stopped working on the game Atari would miss the crucial Christmas season and the company would lose a fortune. He worked alone in his office for four months. Frye was able to receive a dime for each game that sold. The game he was working on was Pac-Man and Atari sold 10 million cartridges with Frye pocketed one million dollars! He posted the paycheck on his office door for all to see! Fry later states that “In some ways it was irresponsible of Atari. I mean, it was a life-threatening thing to put that much money in the hands of such mono-maniac, egomaniac, neurotic freaks who were under so much stress to produce. The only reason you did well at Atari is for some reason you wanted to be stressed.” Frye’s Pac-Man port was a rushed, poor imitation of the arcade version and, despite its spectacular sales, tarnished Atari’s reputation at a time when the competition was heating up.
- Spring '17
- Mathew Powers
- Arcade game, Atari