One party state the politburo the ruling group of 12

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One Party State: The Politburo – the ruling group of 12-24 men – was selected from the Central Committee of the CCP, which was elected from the National Party Congress ‘Mao Zedong Thought’ :The thoughts of Chairman Mao dominated the party –emphasis on ideology and class struggle, ‘Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun’ Peasants: Unlike Soviet communism, which said that the Revolution would be made by the proletariat in the towns, the CCP looked to the peasants in the countryside for their power base Cadres: The vanguards of the CCP
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Mao’s Poem Envisaging Himself as The New Emperor
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The Frist Five Year Plan (1952-56) and the Great Leap Forward (1958)
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The first Five-Year Plan, 1952-56 The Yuan Inflation was controlled by introducing a new currency, the yuan, and by raising taxes on the rich helping to reduce government deficit) Treaty of Friendship, 1949 In December 1949, Mao signed the Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance with the USSR; the Soviets sent experts, aid and loans to help in China reconstruction Coal, steel and oil The output of coal doubled, that of iron and oil tripled Heavy Industry development Machinery, steel especially in the North east region Urbanization The number of people living in towns almost doubled
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The first Five-Year Plan Success – inflation stopped Inflation was brought under control; people began to use money again, and economic confidence improved substantially Success – economic growth The economy grew 9% per annum; the economy began to rebalance towards industry – peasants began to move into the towns Success in consumer goods– bicycles 1.2million bicycles were produced, though fewer cars – this fitted with a communist, egalitarian ideology Withdrawal of Soviet Aid Breakup of relationship and the withdrawal of Soviet Aid was a setback Speed of Growth The speed of growth was not fast enough for Mao Zedong who was impatient of the slow pace of catching up with the UK and US. He wanted a Great Leap Forward
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Great Leap Forward In 1958, for reasons which are still debated, Mao decided to push the pace of change much harder He introduced the 'Great Leap Forward' – an economic revolution based on the peasants
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Features of The Great Leap Forward The Great Lift-off Mao wanted to ‘overtake the capitalist countries in a short time and become the most advanced and powerful country in the world’ Collectivization Collectivization would feed the industrial workers in the towns and produce a cash crop for export The second Five-Year Plan An ambitious set of industrial targets Mass Labour Mobilization Mao believed that his targets could be achieved by ‘people’s hearts and minds’, and by mass labour “Learn from Dazhai” : national campaign to mobilize the enthusiasm of the peasants
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Backyard Furnaces: People abandoned the fields and spent days tending home-made furnaces
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Learn From Dazhai
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  • Winter '14
  • Mao Zedong, People's Republic of China, Deng Xiaoping, Cultural Revolution, Great Leap Forward, • Mao

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