In epistemology the philosopher put forward an innovative idea that induction

In epistemology the philosopher put forward an

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 7

This preview shows page 2 - 4 out of 7 pages.

credo: “Knowledge is power.” In epistemology, the philosopher put forward an innovative idea that induction should be the main method of knowledge - generalization of a multitude of particular phenomena and obtaining general conclusions on the basis of generalization. 61. Who created Constructivism ? The term “constructivism” was used by Soviet artists and architects as early as 1920: Alexander Rodchenko and Vladimir Tatlin called themselves constructivists, the author of the project of the Third International Tower. For the first time constructivism was officially designated in 1922 in the book by Alexei Mikhailovich Gan, which was called “Constructivism”. Constructivism is considered to be a Soviet phenomenon that arose after the October Revolution as one of the directions of the new, avant-garde, proletarian art, although, like any phenomenon in art, it cannot be limited to one country. So, the forerunner of this trend in architecture can be considered, for example, structures such as the Eiffel Tower, which used the principle of an open frame structure and demonstrated structural elements in external architectural forms. This principle of detection of structural elements became one of the most important techniques of the architecture of the XX century and was the basis of both the international style and constructivism. 62. Outstanding Arabian thinkers. In the understanding of the subject of metaphysics, Ibn Sina followed Aristotle. Following Al-Farabi, Ibn Sina distinguishes between a possible existence that exists thanks to another, and an existence that exists thanks to itself is absolutely necessary. Ibn Sina confirms the purity of the world to the Creator. Creation in eternity, Ibn Sina explained using the neoplatonic concept of emanation, thus justifying the logical transition from the original single to the plurality of the created world. However, unlike Neoplatonism, he limited the process of emanation to the world of celestial spheres, considering matter not as the end result of the descent of the single, but as a necessary element of any possible existence. The cosmos is divided into three worlds: the material world, the world of eternal uncreated forms, and the earthly world in all its diversity. Al-Farabi is the founder of Arabic-speaking peripateticism [14]. Therefore, his ideas about being close to the ideas of Aristotelianism, as well as - Neo-Platonism. According to the teachings of Abu Nasr al-Farabi, everything that exists is divided into six levels, the beginnings, related by cause and effect. The principles are divided into two types: they are possible and they are necessary. The first type includes things from the essence of which does not follow with the necessity of their existence. For things of the second type, it is characteristic that their existence necessarily follows from their existence. Everything that relates to a possible being, needs a certain reason for its being. Such a reason is the essential or co-existing divinity that the world produces in eternity. The remaining
Image of page 2

Subscribe to view the full document.

reasons are inherent plurality. From the first cause, the second causes — heavenly bodies. The third reason is the cosmic mind, which cares about the cosmos as a “reasonable animal” and seeks to bring it to perfection.
Image of page 3
Image of page 4

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes