Chinese Politics Reading Notes.docx

Legislative rules in taiwan also held to keep

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Legislative rules in Taiwan also held to keep factions soft Voting in committees and on the floor is secret Factional loyalty is not observable Japanese Religion Shinto “the way of the Gods” survives from prehistoric times Buddhism and Confucianism came late Buddhism naturalized itself in Japan by identifying itself with learning and ethics In Japan Buddhism brought great cultural changes and exercised a powerful influence over religion and education Ancient inhabitants of Japan likely worshipped the sun, the spirit of fire, and the mountain Fujiyama Demons were feared and exorcisms were practiced The word Shinto is derived from Chinese and means “the way of the gods” or spirits It was not used until the introduction of buddhism and chinese culture to Japan in sixth century AD made is necessary to distinguish the new religion from the old national way The word used for gos “Kami” means “above” or “superior” It can be used of powers that are revered or feared, heaven and earth, seas, mountains, trees, uncanny animals, and special human beings like the emperor Writing came late to Japan, being introduced from China in fifth or sixth century AD Shinto sacred myths were recorded in the eighth century The best of the early documents of Shinto myths are “Chronicles” called Kojiki and Nihongi Prayers and rituals were written down later, from eighth to tenth century The Yengi Shiki and the Manyo-Shiu contain many prayers and poems “The Male Who Invites” and “The Female Who Invites” Izanagi and Izanami Begat the Japanese islands and spirits of mountains, winds, food, and fire
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Sun goddess (Amaterasu, the Heaven-Illumining Goddess), the Moon God (Tsuki-yomi), and the Storm-god (Susanoo ,Valiant-Swift-Impetuous Hero) Amaterasu shared the rule of the universe with her brother Susanowo He behaved so badly she took refuge in the Cave of Heaven and left the world in darkness She was only enticed out by a dance organized by all the other gods A mirror had been hung outside her cave and whe she peeped out she saw her own reflection and advanced to examine it, whereupon another god seized her hand and pulled her out. Susanowo was then tried by the gods and banished to Izumo, on the northern coast of Japan, and finally to the Nether Land. Explains the retirement of the sun during an eclipse, storm, and winter Amaterasu most important Shinto deity Supreme being Amaterasu greated shinto shrine in Japan, Ise on the south coast, where her mirror is kept in a box and treated with great reverence Second greatest shrine of Izumo, where Susanowo and the Earth god (his son) Ohonamochi are worshipped Amaterasu disposed of Ohonamochi and gave rule of all Japan to her grandson Ninigi Ninigi came down from heaven and married the goddess of Mount Fuji Great grandchildren was claimed as first emperor of Japan, Jimmu Tenno Said by tradition to have lived in 600 BC Scholars actually think 40 BC
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