Europe as the center historical importance of europe

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Europe as the center Historical importance of Europe NATO in the Cold War Allies so does not rearm Don’t return to isolationist posture after ww2 NATO after the Cold War Purpose- contain USSR Realists overwhelmingly predict the collapse of NATO Countries have particular things in their interest to do and once interest goes away then cooperations stop existing Kenneth waltz But not what happened- Nato did not follow the USSR Into the trashbin of history Shifted core missions Took on role of dealing with instability in other parts of Europe and outside Europe Ensure Europe remains stable Can also involve places like NA as well Libya intervention is a good example of what people in 1991 were talking about for the future of NATO Expansion
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With exception of Turkey, US, Canada was a western European enterprise How big should NATO be? Russia was the only country that was not excited about the expansion on NATO infringed on Russias sphere of influence Critical for this is Russias drive for status US-EU Relations Formation of EU Idea after ww2-after ww2- not all have power to go against ww2 but can combine to stave of soviets Role of the EU in the international system Tremendous accomplishment states have transcended international politics Role of EU in US foreign policy Even Americans who are critical of Europe, think of Europe as essential in foreign policy Agreements and disagreements Non-reciprocal veto over American foreign policy US has no right to veto Europe, but Europe can veto the US? Islam in Europe Percentage is likely to increase over the next generation Many European countries where people, no matter how long they live there, cannot be citizens Birthright citizenship= and American ideal Makes a permanent underclass defined along racial and religious lines Struggle to integrate, and what it means to be a German, etc issues come to the forefront in a way that has foreign policy implications Questions of Islamic integration
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Challenges to NATO Kosovo campaign Revealed that besides US and GB no one had the capacity to contribute to the Kosovo campaign What effectiveness of NATO is there EU versus NATO Common European defense policy? Complement or replace? Countries are resistant to a EU army, or watering down of NATO Country that eastern European countries trust the most in a defense realm = the US Look at western Europe and say, you were repressing us for centuries, and how are you going to help us now? Countries like France have made more noise about the desire for independent EU force NATO in Afghanistan Article 5 and 9/11mutual intervention, mutual assistance- if one of us gets attacked, all of us gets attacked. Afghanistan= first time that NATO activates article 5 US preferences US is more inclined to go it alone Europeans “grumpy” Classic example of how bush administration thought about foreign policy Just because countries signed up to help at Kosovo doesn’t meant hey are actually going to help, just the symbolism of it NATO deployments US decides that it does want international help in Afghanistan First time in history of NATO that it deploys outside of Europe
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